Berlin woos US in Europe gas battle

Car carrier ship 'Auto Energy' is pictured on the Weser river in Bremerhaven, northern Germany, 3 March 2017. The ship and its sister vessel 'Auto Eco' are the first car carriers powered by Liquid Natural Gas (LNG). Bremerhaven is the second biggest port in Germany. [Focke Strangman/EPA/EFE]

Germany will put on a show of unity with the United States Tuesday (12 February) in talks on importing natural gas, as Berlin battles accusations an under-construction pipeline deepens European energy dependence on Russia.

Economy Minister Peter Altmaier will meet the US deputy energy secretary, Dan Brouillette, Tuesday morning at a conference his ministry is hosting on liquid natural gas (LNG).

Germany to build LNG plant in 'gesture' to US drive to sell more

Germany will choose where to build a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal by the end of 2018 as a gesture to the United States, which wants to ship more gas to Europe, the Bundesrepublik’s economy minister said on Tuesday (18 September).

“Germany and the US share an interest in secure and dependable energy supplies,” Altmaier said in a statement Monday.

“With LNG we can get gas from even more suppliers and increase our security of supply.”

Economy ministry sources told AFP Altmaier will unveil a policy paper proposing regulatory changes to allow easier imports of the gas.

LNG as a potential alternative to Russian gas became a hot topic as construction on the Nord Stream 2 pipeline got under way last year.

The pipeline will double the capacity of an existing link between Russia and Germany, and combined with the planned Turkish Stream connection could remove the need to pump gas to Europe via Ukraine.

US threatens EU companies with sanctions over Nord Steam 2, Turkish Stream

A transatlantic tiff over Europe’s natural gas supply came to the boil on Sunday (13 January), as Donald Trump’s ambassador to Germany threatened firms involved in a pipeline from Russia with sanctions.

At stake is a mixture of economic and security interests for …

Kyiv fears eliminating its role as a transit country will expose it to further aggression from Moscow, after Russia annexed the Crimean peninsula in 2014 and backed separatist rebels in Ukraine’s east.

Meanwhile eastern EU member states including Poland and the Baltic nations, backed by the US, have complained the pipeline also undermines their security.

“We aren’t fundamentally against Russian gas in Europe. But we’re against too much Russian gas driving our partners into dependency,” American ambassador to Germany Richard Grenell told the Welt am Sonntag newspaper.

Some 16 of the EU’s 28 member nations share Washington’s fears, he added.

Visible splits

Chancellor Angela Merkel has always dismissed such fears, describing Nord Stream 2 as a “purely business” project.

On Friday she reiterated that “Germany has the right to secure its energy supply in a diverse way”.

“That includes Russian natural gas, but not exclusively… we’ve made it clear that in future we will land LNG in Germany.”

Earlier last week the intra-EU battle came to a head, when France said it would vote for common oversight of the pipeline — potentially allowing opposing member states to strew obstacles in its path.

But Paris agreed at the last minute to leave the responsibility with Germany.

France ‘steps on the gas’ in eurobudget talks

France made surprising back-and-forth moves on Nord Stream 2, which could be explained by the country’s effort to secure German and Dutch support in a completely different dossier.

A near-unanimous final vote in favour of the compromise revealed “growing displeasure among the EU states over the attempted US influence”, a European diplomat told AFP Friday on condition of anonymity.

The Kremlin capitalised on the failure of American lobbying, as spokesman Dmitry Peskov accused Washington of “underhanded competition” by trying to encourage Europeans “to buy more expensive American gas”.

Altmaier said Monday his meeting with Brouillette was simply an opportunity to “discuss the development of the LNG import market with companies and energy industry federations” from both sides of the Atlantic.

“Competitive prices” for gas were a precondition of any import business, he underlined.

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