Brussels stunned as Beijing cancels EU-China summit

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Brussels has reacted with astonishment to a decision by China to postpone next week's EU-China summit in retaliation for visits by EU leaders with Tibet's exiled spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama.

On Wednesday (26 November), the Chinese government told the French EU Presidency that Prime Minister Wen Jinbao would not be travelling to Lyon for the summit, which was expected to focus on disputes over China's huge trade surplus with the EU as well as coordinating a global response to the financial crisis. 

The Chinese "based their decision on the fact that the Dalai Lama will be visiting several EU countries at the same time and will meet with heads of state and government as well as presidents of European institutions," the EU said in a statement released today.

China's decision was perceived in Brussels as ill-fated, showing that China's communist leaders consider isolating Tibet and the Dalai Lama a bigger priority than enhancing the Sino-European "strategic partnership". But our leaders should not get distracted, according Stanley Crossick, founder of the European Policy Centre, a think tank. 

Writing on Blogactiv, Crossick stressed that the "gulf of misunderstanding between China and the West over the Dalai Lama and Tibet is huge and misperceptions abound […] With the onset of economic depression, the vulnerability of the world's financial system, climate change, energy security, terrorism, our leaders should not be distracted from working together by Tibet and the Dalai Lama".

French President Nicolas Sarkozy will meet the Dalai Lama in Gdansk, Poland, at a gathering of Nobel Peace Prize winners, said Luc Chatel, a spokesman for the French government. Sarkozy "has always said he'll meet the Dalai Lama not as a head of state, but as spiritual leader," Chatel told reporters yesterday after a weekly cabinet meeting in Paris.

The Dalai Lama is also expected to visit the European Parliament on 4 December. "Only time will tell whether it is the intention of Beijing to boycott all the democratic institutions of the European Union," said Marco Cappato, a liberal MEP.

The decision to call off the summit came four days after the Tibetan government-in-exile, headed by the Dalai Lama, suspended stalled negotiations with China over Tibet's future. The talks have not made progress towards resolving Tibet's demand that China loosen its 57-year-old grip on the Central Asian region. China says Tibet's desire for autonomy is a prelude to seeking full independence and breaking up the Chinese state.

The European Council for Foreign Relations described the cancellation of the summit as "a spectacular gesture and an unprecedented step in the bilateral relationship," accompanied by "the sorry spectacle of European disunity over the financial and economic crisis," which "has confirmed to China's leaders that Europe is not a unitary actor and be publicly provokes at no significant cost". 

The next meeting between Chinese and EU leaders is now likely to be postponed at least until the Swedish EU Presidency, scheduled for the second half of 2009.

The liberal ALDE Group in the European Parliament stated that the Chinese decision was "worrying" and "dangerous", as it failed "to take into consideration the EU's attachment to democratic values and the rule of law". 

"China has shown that it does not respect its European partner's identity [which is] dangerous because the entire European Union shares the point of view of the EU Council president, who upholds the Dalai Lama as an honourable person who ought to be received." 

According to MEP Marco Cappato, "rather than restricting itself to an outdated vision of international relations, China would be well-advised to concede that democracy, the rule of law and human rights - including minority rights - are universal values. It should realise that the European Union will never abandon those values". 

John Fox, a former British diplomat in Beijing who is now with the European Council on Foreign Relations, a think-tank, said China's decision to cancel the EU-China summit called into question the very idea that China and Europe had a strategic relationship. 

"China's bully-boy tactics of trying to dictate who European leaders can and cannot meet are completely unacceptable and Europe should stand firm in defending President Sarkozy's decision to see the Dalai Lama in Poland. Europe's relationship with China is one that both sides need, and the summit an event that should have been used to forge a partnership for dealing with the financial crisis. European leaders therefore urgently need to show China that it cannot be divided and bullied and that the current Chinese actions damage both sides' interests," Fox added. 

Stanley Crossick, founder of the European Policy Centre, stated: "No one - the Tibetans, the Han Chinese, the US and UK in particular - can be proud of their past behaviour jn Tibet. Short memories of history are dangerous, but so are long ones. It is essential that the Chinese do not see the Tibet issue as a continuation of their humiliation by the West. As Confucius said, 'Forget injuries, but never forget kindnesses'." 

Yesterday's (26 November) decision was the first time in 10 years that EU-China talks had been suspended by one of the parties. 

The first EU-China summit took place in 1998 in London (during the UK EU Presidency). Ever since, summits have been held on an annual basis, alternating between Beijing and the country hosting six-month rotating EU presidency at the time.  

They are attended by the Chinese prime minister and other relevant ministers and, on the EU's behalf, by the president of the Council of Ministers, the president of the European Commission and the High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy, as well as other relevant ministers and European commissioners. 

The most recent summit was held in Beijing in November 2007. 

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