Bulgaria may seek exception to any EU sanctions on Russian gas and oil

Bulgaria's Prime Minister Kiril Petkov leaves after an emergency European Union (EU) summit on the situation in Ukraine after Russia launched an invasion at The European Council Building in Brussels 25 February 2022. [EPA-EFE/JOHN THYS / POOL]

Bulgaria supports sanctions on Russia as a means to halting its invasion of Ukraine, but will likely seek an exception on banning Russian natural gas and oil imports if such a proposal is put forward, Prime Minister Kiril Petkov said on Monday (7 March).

EU and NATO member Bulgaria is almost completely dependent on gas supplies from Russia’s Gazprom, while its only oil refinery, owned by Russia’s LUKOIL, provides over 60% of the fuel used in the country.

The United States is willing to move ahead with a ban on Russian oil imports into the United States without the participation of allies in Europe, two people familiar with the matter told Reuters on Monday.

Germany, the biggest buyer of Russian crude oil, has rejected plans to ban energy imports, a stance Petkov supported.

“Bulgaria would support all kinds of measures, because we are really against the war, but these two (oil and gas), maybe we would ask for an exception… We do not have current alternatives right now, we are too dependent,” Petkov said in an interview with Reuters.

“We are fully supporting the Ukrainian people, we supported the first package of sanctions, we are even open-minded for other sanctions as well, just these two sanctions, it would be very hard for us to take as an economy and as a country,” he said.

Bulgaria is working to diversify its natural gas supplies and is in talks to import bigger quantities of Azeri gas while examining options for liquefied natural gas supplied through Greek ports, he said.

For bringing Azeri gas in Bulgaria, as well as LNG from the Greek terminal in Alexandroupolis, Bulgaria needs to complete the Greece-Bulgaria interconnector, which has been facing series of delays in its construction by a Greek company.

Greece-Bulgaria gas interconnector IGB faces delays due to supply shortages

Greece confirmed on Wednesday (10 November) delays in the construction of a key gas interconnector linking Greece and Bulgaria (IGB), reported earlier by EURACTIV Bulgaria, but insisted that they were due to supply shortages.

The country, which operates two 1,000 megawatt Soviet-made nuclear reactors at its Kozloduy plant, is weighing how to proceed with the nuclear equipment supplied for its 2,000 megawatt Belene nuclear project, Petkov said.

Support for nuclear energy is high in Bulgaria and momentum has been strong two decades ago for the idea of building a second nuclear power plant at the Danube city of Belene. Bulgaria has already paid Russia for two Russian pressure vessels for the nuclear plant. However, after stopping and resuming the project twice, the previous government of Boyko Borissov froze the project in 2021.

Bulgaria puts end to Belene nuclear project

Bulgaria has abandoned the construction of its second nuclear power plant near the small town of Belene on the Danube after stopping and resuming the project twice. However, this third suspension is likely to end the Belene nuclear project forever. …

The government is considering if it should use the pressure vessels as part of hybrid reactors that could use US or Western European fuel and technology, or if it should sell the equipment to another country and start again with new technology not from Russia, he said.

Petkov’s centrist coalition government will also start buying 1.5 million tonnes of wheat to shore up its food supply until next year’s harvest and avoid risks that may arise from any possible accidents at nuclear power plants in Ukraine.

The Black Sea country, which produced over 7 million tonnes of wheat last year, does not plan to ban wheat exports, Petkov said, adding that the state would also bolster its reserves of corn and sunflower seeds.

Petkov said Bulgaria, which has pegged its lev currency to the euro, is sticking for the time being with its target of joining the eurozone as of January 2024. He said inflation would remain pretty much in line with that of euro zone countries.

“Bulgaria has a currency board, so in a way we are already being as though in the euro zone, nothing changes for us. We do not have a separate monetary policy… Our inflation is going to be pretty much at par with European inflation,” he said.

“So far, we are staying with the current target date of 2024 and we hope that we would be able to meet it,” he said.

(Edited by Georgi Gotev)

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