According to The Economist, the US fell from a full democracy to a flawed one the same year Donald Trump was elected president— but he wasn’t the cause. In the list, there are also 17 EU countries.
The Economist Intelligence Unit’s annual Democracy Index, titled Revenge of the “deplorables”, proves that the country that once ranked among the 20 “full democracies” now lies in the group of 57 “flawed democracies”— dropping below Uruguay and Japan.
Joan Hoey, editor of the report, says the downgrade is due to an erosion of trust in US government and elected officials that caused confidence in government to plummet to historic lows.
“The is not a consequence of Donald Trump,” she said. “On the contrary, the election of Mr. Trump as US president was in large part a consequence of the longstanding problems of democracy in the US.”
The US now has nearly identical numbers to Italy, a country that has seen a fair amount of recent turmoil.
“If continuous distrust prevents the US administration from implementing policies that could “manage” globalisation or protect its losers, then this implies a worrying trend for the future that could spill-over to other countries,” Dr. Erik van Der Marel, senior economist at ECIPE, said.
10 EU member states rank among the 19 remaining “full democracies,” while the list of 57 “flawed democracies” contains 17 EU member states.
“That says a lot about European values at large and in particular the tradition of democratic values. It is overall good news, but thinking that this would do the job will lead to complacency,” Marel said.
No EU member states considered “full democracies” in 2015 were demoted of their ranking, but Switzerland, Finland and the Netherlands all moved down on the list.
Western Europe saw a significant regression, but Eastern Europe recorded the biggest decline.
“One should not forget that some Eastern European countries have made tremendous improvements in their democratic level of the last two decades,” Marel said. “Yet, some countries remain a concern, which has to do with press freedom as well as how the judicial system become less independent from political influence.”
“Overall, these issues touch upon domestic institutions in general and more generally the rule of law of these Eastern European countries that is sliding back. That is worrying, not only for civil rights and liberties but ultimately also for the economy, which will in turn hit people in their pockets as well in the long run.”
But, the results of the US and Europe are consistent with the global trend. Brexit and the election of Trump sent shockwaves across the globe, which factored into the average global score decrease from 5.55 to 5.52, according to the report.
“The backlash was the culmination of a longstanding trend of deterioration in the quality of democracy in the US and Europe, which is manifested in declining trust, falling popular participation and the erosion of civil liberties,” Hoey said.
The index is based on five categories;
- electoral process and pluralism
- civil liberties
- the functioning of government
- political participation
- political culture
Depicted on a 0 to 10 scale, full democracies fall between 8-10, with Norway ranking number one at 9.93. Flawed democracies draw scores of 6 to 7.9.
The US fell from a 8.05 in 2015 to a 7.98 last year. 71 other countries also experienced a decline and no regions reported an improvement in its average score.