Turkey’s president said he favours a permanent “two-state” division of Cyprus during a visit Sunday to the breakaway Turkish-held north condemned as a provocation by the internationally recognised Greek-speaking south.
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan also visited the beachfront area of Varosha in the north, a one-time luxury resort turned ghost town along the United Nations buffer zone that has split the Mediterranean island since Turkey’s 1974 invasion of the north.
“There are two peoples and two separate states in Cyprus,” Erdoğan said after arriving for the 37th anniversary of the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is recognised only by Ankara.
“There must be talks for a solution on the basis of two separate states.”
Commenting on previous, failed UN-led efforts to reunify the island as a bi-communal federal state, Erdoğan used the phrase “You can’t dry today’s laundry in yesterday’s sun”.
The comments marked a further setback to hopes for an eventual reunification of the island — split between EU-member the Republic of Cyprus, which controls the island’s southern two thirds, and the north, occupied by Turkey.
European Union foreign policy chief Josep Borrell criticised the Turkish leader’s visit.
“The EU’s message is very clear: there is no alternative to a comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus problem other than on the basis of relevant UN Security Council Resolutions,” Borrell said in a statement.
“In this respect we deplore today’s actions regarding” Varosha and “statements contradicting the UN principles for a settlement of the Cyprus question. They will cause greater distrust and tension in the region and should be urgently reversed”, the EU official added.
During Erdoğan’s visit, Turkish jets left vapour trails in the sky in the shape of the star and crescent of the Turkish flag, mirroring a huge flag painted decades ago on a rocky mountainside in the north.
In the south, meanwhile, Greek Cypriots demonstrated against his visit at a checkpoint along the UN-patrolled Green Line.
Erdoğan’s visit to the Turkish-held area comes amid heightened tensions on the island and in the Eastern Mediterranean and was condemned as a “provocation without precedent” by the Republic of Cyprus.
An eventual reunification has looked more remote since an Erdoğan-backed Turkish nationalist, Ersin Tatar, was elected leader of the north last month.
Unlike his predecessor, Mustafa Akinci, who advocated reunification in the form of a federal state, Tatar also favours a two-state solution.
The last UN-sponsored peace talks, based on a reunification of the island, failed in 2017.
Ghost town ‘picnic’
Erdoğan’s visit came as Turkey has openly sparred with neighbours Greece and Cyprus over maritime territories believed to hold vast gas deposits.
The Turkish leader stressed that “we will continue our seismic research and drilling activities in the Eastern Mediterranean until a fair agreement can be reached”.
Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades condemned Erdoğan’s visit, as well as what he called the historical “secessionist act of the declaration of the illegal regime” in the north.
He said Erdoğan’s visit served to “torpedo” UN-led efforts to work toward resolving “the Cyprus problem” in talks between Greek and Turkish Cypriots, Athens, Ankara and former colonial power London.
The 1974 Turkish invasion was launched in response to an Athens-engineered coup designed to unify Cyprus with Greece and was followed on November 15, 1983, by the declaration of the TRNC.
Erdoğan insisted Sunday that “the only victims in the Cyprus issue are the Turkish Cypriots, whose rights and existence have been ignored for years”.
He then visited Varosha, which was once the playground of celebrities and dubbed a “Jewel of the Mediterranean”, but has since been deserted and fenced off, its former luxury hotels and restaurants now in disrepair and overgrown by weeds.
Turkish troops partially reopened the seafront of Varosha on 8 October, sparking international criticism.
Erdoğan, who had said earlier he may have a “picnic” at Varosha, arrived after dark and as rain battered the area.
Speaking to TV cameras alongside Tatar, he suggested Varosha would undergo redevelopment.
“This place has been closed for years, but it is time to start initiatives,” he said, arguing that “an equitable sharing of the island’s resources has never been granted to the Turkish Cypriots”.
The Turkish head of state promised compensation to Greek Cypriots who lost land, homes and businesses in the ghost town.
“If the rightful owners appeal to the property commission, compensation will be paid for their properties,” he said.