One day before a crucial meeting with Russia’s Vladimir Putin in Saint Petersburg, Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan told France’s Le Monde newspaper that the migration deal with the EU might collapse if Brussels does not deliver its promise on visa waivers.
Erdogan argued that Turkey felt “abandoned” by the Western allies, the United States and the European Union, which have not shown the proper support and understanding for the political situation in Ankara after the coup attempt.
“The whole world reacted to the attack against Charlie Hebdo. Our prime minister joined a rally in the streets of Paris,” Erdogan said, referring to the deadly militant attack on the office of the French satirical magazine in January 2015.
“I would have hoped that the leaders of the Western world would have reacted (to the coup attempt) in the same way and not have contented themselves with a few cliches.”
Reuters reports that Erdogan’s comments reflect a shift in stance at a time when he is rebuking Western leaders for their response to the July 15 coup bid. Erdogan vowed to keep Turkey’s promises on the migrant deal as recently as July 26.
“The European Union is not behaving in a sincere manner with Turkey,” Erdogan stressed, emphasising that the visa waiver for Turkish citizens was supposed to kick in on June 1.
“If our demands are not satisfied then the readmissions will no longer be possible,” Erdogan underlined.
Ankara agreed in March to stop migrants from crossing into Greece in exchange for financial aid being revived, the promise of visa-free travel to much of the EU and accelerated membership talks.
However, the reciprocal visa-free access has been delayed due to a dispute over Turkish anti-terrorism legislation and concern in the West about the scale of Ankara’s crackdown following a failed coup.
EurActiv recently reported (28 July) that since the failed 15 July coup attempt, increased numbers of new arrivals had been recorded from across the Aegean Sea.
Migration flows from Turkey to Greece have intensified since the failed coup attempt in Ankara, according to official Greek data.
Christiana Kalogirou, regional governor of the North Aegean, admitted that there was a difference in numbers and said that the country was “on the alert”.
Greece’s Migration Minister Yannis Mouzalas on Wednesday (3 August) denied having called for a backup strategy – a “Plan B” – in case the EU-Turkey refugee deal collapses amid escalating tensions between Brussels and Ankara.
In an interview with Germany’s Tagesspiegel, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said it was important to keep the deal with Turkey on track.
He noted that the EU should continue to work with difficult partners like Turkey “not because we like their governments but because we owe it to all those who would suffer if we fail to agree”.
Erdogan added, though, that the Commission would not offer Ankara concessions on the issue of visa-free travel.
Meanwhile, EU Commissioner for Migration Dimitris Avramopoulos told Germany’s Die Welt that Brussels would be prepared in the event that the EU-Turkey migration agreement collapses.
“The deal with Turkey is an important part of our work as regards tackling the refugee crisis but by no means the only part,” he stressed.
Russia showed “solidarity”
Erdogan continued, saying that when Putin called him to express his condolences, he didn’t criticize him on the number of people from the military or civil service who had been dismissed.
“Whereas all the Europeans asked me: why are so many soldiers detained, why have so many civil servants been dismissed?”
Referring to the much-discussed meeting with Putin, he stressed that the Russian Federation should be considered both a European and an Asian country.
“The Western world tried to exclude Russia; we didn’t. We had this Russian plane incident (a Russian aircraft was destroyed by two Turkish aircrafts at the Turkish-Syrian border on November 24, 2015), but this August 9 visit had been planned long before the coup attempt. This meeting will mark a new step in the relations between our two countries,” he noted.
Syrian opposition welcomes the meeting
Meanwhile, the head of the opposition Syrian National Coalition welcomed the meeting between Turkish and Russian presidents.
Speaking at a press conference in Istanbul on Monday, Anas al-Abda said Erdogan’s visit would be a “positive step” for the solution to the long-standing Syrian crisis that claimed hundreds of thousands of lives.
“We consider the Turkish president as a key ally of the Syrian people; he has a chance to propose ideas and initiatives to Russians and to explain them the current situation in Syria,” state-run news agency Anadolu quoted al-Abda as saying.
Asked whether the rapprochement with Russia would change Ankara’s position regarding Bashar Al-Assad’s regime, Erdogan replied: “We have always been in favor of a solution to the conflict through rapid common discussions. But this solution cannot be found with Bashar Al-Assad still in power. He needs to leave.”
EXCLUSIVE / Ankara “cannot and must not” cooperate with the regime of Bashar al-Assad as the lack of authority in Syria generated the ISIS problem, according to Osman Sert who spoke to EurActiv in a telephone interview.
- LeMonde: Recep Tayyip Erdogan : « Western leaders prefered to leave Turkish people to themselves »
- Reuters: EU migrant deal not possible if Turkey's demands not met: Erdogan
- Anadolu agency: Syrian opposition welcomes Erdogan, Putin meeting
- Kathimerini.gr: Top European officials warn of potential consequences of migrant deal with Turkey failing
- Skai.gr: Σκληρή επίθεση Ερντογάν στη Δύση μία ημέρα πριν το ραντεβού με Πούτιν στη Μόσχα [In Greek]