The European Union on Monday (25 February) urged countries to avoid any military intervention in Venezuela.
“We must avoid a military intervention,” Maja Kocijancic, the spokeswoman for diplomatic chief Federica Mogherini, told reporters.
“What is explicitly quite clear, from our point of view, is that we need a peaceful political and democratic and Venezuelan-owned resolution of this crisis,” she added.
“This obviously excludes the use of force.”
Venezuela’s opposition leader and self-declared president Juan Guaidó is in Bogota for talks with allies in the regional Lima Group of countries on measures to compel President Nicolás Maduro to leave office.
The EU reached its position at a meeting of foreign ministers in Brussels last Monday.
On Sunday, Spanish Foreign Minister Josep Borell told the Efe news agency: “We have warned quite clearly that we will not support and we will firmly condemn any foreign military intervention.”
Maduro’s ‘days numbered’
Guaidó flew to the Colombian capital Sunday for the meeting with members of the Lima Group – 13 Latin American countries plus Canada that are seeking to resolve Venezuela’s political impasse.
Vice President Mike Pence will represent Washington at the event.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said he was confident that “Maduro’s days are numbered,” blaming the border violence on armed civilian loyalists known as “colectivos.”
“We’re aimed at a singular mission — ensuring the Venezuelan people get the democracy they so richly deserve,” Pompeo said on CNN’s “State of the Union.”
President Donald Trump has said the United States is not ruling out armed action.
Upon landing in Bogota Guaidó called on the international community to consider “all measures to free” Venezuela.
This is the first time that the Lima Group, which first met in the Peruvian capital in 2017, will speak directly to Guaidó.
Venezuela is in the midst of a humanitarian crisis that has seen poverty soar during a prolonged recession and hyperinflation.
Humanitarian aid, much of it from the United States, has been at the center of the standoff between Maduro and Guaidó.
Maduro claims the aid is a smokescreen for a US invasion, and has ordered several crossings on Venezuela’s borders with Colombia and Brazil closed.
“Today we consolidated yesterday’s victory, tomorrow we’ll consolidate it even more,” Maduro’s right-hand man Diosdado Cabello said Sunday at a pro-government rally in the border town of Tachira.
“Not a single one of those trucks with aid got through,” Cabello said.
Maduro seems to have won this round in the power struggle, even though 156 members of Venezuela’s security forces deserted to Colombia or Brazil.
After Saturday’s events it is “not very clear” that Guaidó has “massive” support in Venezuela, analyst Rafael Pineros told AFP.
However the events, which also led to increased repression by the Maduro regime, may instead result in a forceful foreign intervention in Venezuela, according to political scientist Laura Gil.
“In the Lima Group the consensus is that Maduro must be removed, but there is no consensus on how to do that,” Gil told AFP.
Another winner is Washington, because the only way to justify a use of force, if they are willing to actually do that, “is by invitation,” she said.
‘No food’ in the barracks
Colombian President Ivan Duque visited the two border crossing points where most of the violence took place on Saturday.
A 14-year-old boy was among those killed Saturday near the Brazilian border in clashes with Venezuelan security forces. More than 300 people were injured in a day of disturbances at crossings on the Colombian and Brazilian borders.
Sporadic clashes between hooded protesters and police, supported by terror-spreading armed civilian “colectivos,” continued Sunday on the Venezuelan side of the border, but were not as intense as the day before.
Scores of Venezuelans who managed to slip across the border to get aid were trapped there as Venezuelan authorities had closed the border.
Nicolasa Gil, a frail 71 year-old who spent the night in Cucuta near one of the crossing points, said she was “scared to cross into my country.
“Here we’re safer than over there,” she told AFP.
The attempt to cross aid stockpiled in Colombia led Maduro to sever ties with Bogota – and on Sunday, a group of Colombian diplomats trickled across one of the border bridges on foot, luggage in tow.
Also Sunday three Bolivarian National Guard sergeants fled Venezuela and sought refuge in Brazil.
In the barracks “there is no food,” said one of the defectors, identified as Carlos Eduardo Zapata.
“They don’t even have mattresses. Us National Guard sergeants are sleeping on the ground.”