Venezuela entered a fifth day of violent protests yesterday (10 April), as its president travelled to Cuba to seek support from fellow leftist leaders. The EU expressed concern over the escalating tensions and called on all parties to find common ground and end the violence.
In the latest clashes in the once-booming oil exporter, riot police in Caracas fired tear gas at stone-throwing demonstrators – whose leaders vowed not to let up the pressure on President Nicolas Maduro.
ATENCIÓN Quien está del lado de la violencia? PNB y GNB atacan al pueblo lanzando lacrimógenas de helicóptero sin importarles la vida pic.twitter.com/O9kw2O5gHu
— Stalin González (@stalin_gonzalez) April 10, 2017
“This is a battle of resistance. We will see who gets tired first: us of fighting, or them of repressing,” said the deputy speaker of the opposition-majority congress, Freddy Guevara.
The streets of Caracas and several other Venezuelan cities have been the scene of running battles in recent days.
Police deployed water cannons and fired tear gas and rubber bullets at demonstrators, who hurled rocks and Molotov cocktails.
— Diario Contraste (@DiarioContraste) April 10, 2017
Yesterday (10 April), several patients including a newborn baby had to be evacuated from a medical clinic in the Las Mercedes district after it was struck by tear gas canisters, a doctor there told reporters.
One protester was killed on Thursday (6 April). Dozens of people have been wounded or arrested.
Este joven trasladado al Hospital Domingo Luciani. A esta hora 3:25 pm está siendo atendido en emergencias con traumatismo de cráneo pic.twitter.com/DcW7bzg8Y1
— Gerardo Blyde (@GerardoBlyde) April 10, 2017
‘Mother of all marches’
Maduro is fighting efforts to force him from power over an economic crisis marked by severe shortages and the world’s highest inflation.
His popularity, already pummeled by the three-year recession, sank further last week when he and his allies sought to tighten their grip with two Supreme Court rulings that stripped the legislature’s power.
The court later reversed the rulings amid an outcry.
But the crisis only deepened Friday (7 April) when authorities banned senior opposition figure Henrique Capriles from holding public office.
That blocks Capriles, who narrowly lost the 2013 presidential election to Maduro, from running against him next year.
The European External Action Service issued a statement stressing that the Venezuelan people has the right to peacefully demonstrate and to see the political conflict immediately solved.
“Heavily sanctioning the opposition – most recently an opposition politician Henrique Capriles Radonski who was banned from political life for 15 years – does not help to lower the unrest and the tensions in the country”, the statement says.
— #VOTOPORVZLA (@VotoPorVzla) April 10, 2017
El Bravo PUEBLO!Un país exigiendo respeto a la Constitución!Vamos Venezuela ?? Se les van a acabar las bombas! pic.twitter.com/DOMDvazG66
— Henrique Capriles R. (@hcapriles) April 10, 2017
Capriles said on Twitter that his party headquarters was set on fire during clashes on Sunday.
The opposition is planning what Guevara called the “mother of all protest marches” on 19 April against Maduro.
Maduro’s supporters also announced they would stage a major march that day in central Caracas.
Protesters want elections, food
The opposition’s demands include that authorities set a date for gubernatorial elections that have been postponed indefinitely.
Maduro said Sunday he was “eager” for the elections to go ahead so he could “hand a defeat to those people… so that they will stop the rioting and violence.”
Guevara called the president a “liar.”
“He knows he would lose” any election, the senior opposition lawmaker told AFP.
Protester Alejandro Navas, a law student, said he was in the streets to demand elections at every level, including presidential.
“We want elections, not because Maduro feels like it, but because Venezuela needs them,” he said.
Fellow demonstrator Carolina Moreno, a 39-year-old unemployed woman, said she was simply protesting for food.
“They give you one miserable bag of food a month,” she told AFP – a reference to the government’s subsidised food program for poor neighborhoods.
Maduro was meanwhile in Havana for a meeting of foreign ministers of the leftist ALBA bloc, a Latin American group co-founded by his late mentor, Hugo Chávez.
— Prensa Presidencial (@PresidencialVen) April 10, 2017
Bolivia, Cuba, Ecuador, Nicaragua and several Caribbean countries were expected to issue a statement of support for Maduro at the meeting.
Gobierno del Perú deplora la ilegal Inhabilitación contra Henrique Capriles por 15 años; y condena el atentado a la sede de Primero Justicia pic.twitter.com/mOeyqycx3i
— Jorge del Castillo (@JorgeDCG) April 10, 2017
— Cancillería Chile ?? (@Minrel_Chile) April 10, 2017
Costa Rica hace con vehemencia un llamado para que se deje sin efecto la proscripción política del Gobernador Capriles.
— CRcancilleria (@CRcancilleria) April 10, 2017
But the group’s influence has waned along with that of Venezuela, whose economy has been devastated by the drop in global oil prices since 2014.
The secretary general of the Organisation of American States, Luis Almagro – a prominent critic of Maduro – also took his latest shot at the president.
“For the stability of this region, Venezuela needs a legitimate government,” he said during a visit to Brazil.