France, Germany pledge more support for Italy on migrants, offer vague

In 2016, 181,000 people arrived in Europe using the Central Mediterranean route. [Freedom House/Flickr]

France, Germany and the EU executive on Monday (3 July) promised Italy more support in handling the influx of migrants arriving by boat from Africa, agreeing to bolster training and funding for Libya’s coastguard and to relocate asylum seekers more swiftly.

But they made no direct reference to Rome’s appeal for European Union nations to ease the pressure by allowing rescue boats carrying migrants to dock in their ports.

Italy urges EU ports to take migrants as pressure builds

France and Germany’s interior ministers met with their Italian counterpart in Paris on Sunday (2 July) to discuss a “coordinated response” to Italy’s migrant crisis, hours after the latter had called on other European countries to open their ports to rescue ships.

Italy, Germany, and France’s interior ministers, as well as the EU’s migration Commissioner, met in Paris on Sunday ahead of an EU ministerial meeting in Tallinn on Thursday.

The European Commission said it would present a set of measures “for reducing flows” of migrants across the central Mediterranean after a meeting of its leadership on Tuesday. These would then be discussed at Thursday’s talks in Tallinn.

In a joint statement on the Paris meeting that was thin on details, the ministers also agreed to draw up a code of conduct for non-government organisations operating in the Mediterranean, to increase assistance for the International Organisation for Migration, and to lend greater support to a review of how to strengthen Libya’s southern borders.

“We are asking for the work to be shared,” Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni said at a UN Food and Agriculture Organisation conference in Rome shortly before the statement was released.

“This is necessary if … we are to avoid the situation in Italy becoming unsustainable and stoking hostility in a society which until now has responded in an exemplary way, with cohesion.”

Italy has taken in about 82,000 refugees and migrants so far this year, a third more than a year ago.

That makes Italy the main point of entry to Europe, a fact that is increasingly influencing domestic politics. Voters dealt a blow to the ruling party in local elections last month, opting for right-wing groups promising a tougher line on immigration.

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A Commission spokeswoman declined comment when asked whether the measures to be proposed might include having NGO boats land asylum-seekers in other countries, notably France and Spain, rather than Italy. Rome has threatened to close its ports and won Commission backing for its call for regional cooperation.

However, France and Spain have made no offer as yet.

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