German defence minister wants EU military to match NATO

German defence minister Ursula von der Leyen. [Council]

Germany’s defence minister said yesterday (7 November) the European Union must modernise its military defence and security to match NATO’s drive to beef up its own security forces in the wake of a major Russian build-up.

France, Germany, Italy and Spain are calling for a common European defence policy after Britain’s vote to quit the bloc, an initiative that marks the EU’s biggest push since the 1990s.

France, Germany to table defence plan at Bratislava ministerial meeting

At the informal defence ministerial in Bratislava starting today (27 September) France and Germany will make the case for the EU’s most ambitious defence plan in almost two decades, aiming to persuade sceptical easterners and avoid a showdown with Britain over its military future outside the bloc.

“We have seen an enormous modernisation drive by NATO over the past three years because of the Kremlin’s behaviour,” Ursula von der Leyen told a security conference hosted by the conservative Christian Democrats.

“That was correct and important, but I believe that we must invest at the least same energy into a modernisation of the European security and defence union,” she said.

Von der Leyen, keen to assuage concerns raised by the United States and Britain, said the increase should occur “knowing that one cannot build up competition between the two bodies, but that they should work in a complementary fashion”.

Defence minister: Britain 'will oppose any idea of an EU army'

The UK will oppose all EU plans for increased military cooperation that could interfere with NATO, despite being about to leave the union, Defence Minister Michael Fallon said Tuesday (27 September).

For instance, she said, the EU had a clear mission in working with Africa to stem the steady flow of migrants crossing the Mediterranean Sea, but that was not NATO’s job.

“I see a big mission for the European Union, which must work for a solution together with the African countries,” von der Leyen said. “But to do that, it must better organise and bundle the many instruments it has in the civilian and military realms, actually implement them, and offer a joint European response.”

In a joint letter, Germany, France, Italy and Spain have argued that the EU should be able to respond to external crises without the guiding hand of the United States.

Proposals include increasing European spending on military missions, jointly developing assets such as helicopters and drones, expanding peacekeeping abroad and building stronger defences against state-sponsored hackers.

NATO, and especially the United States, has long argued that Europeans should increase defence spending and strengthen their militaries to ensure their own defence.

EU defence ministers will hold talks on the plans in Brussels next week before presenting a more detailed strategy at a summit meeting of EU leaders in December.

Von der Leyen has been pushing hard to revamp the German military, improve its procurement process and boost personnel. Last month she said Germany was ready to play a larger military role in the service of closer European defence cooperation.

German defence minister says Berlin is ready to expand military role

German Defence Minister Ursula von der Leyen said yesterday (17 October) that Berlin was ready to play a larger military role than in the past in the service of closer European defence cooperation.

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