Netanyahu in Baltics in search of European allies

Benjamin Netanyahu and Lithuanian Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis in Vilnius on 23 August 2018. [Twitter account of the Prime Minister of Israel]

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu arrived in Lithuania on Thursday (23 August) for a Baltic summit saying he hoped to deepen ties with eastern EU nations as Brussels blasted Israel’s plans for fresh settlements in the West Bank.

Netanyahu, who has Lithuanian roots, was greeted by the Baltic country’s foreign minister at Vilnius airport.

“I want to achieve a balance in the European Union’s not always friendly relations with Israel in order to maintain fairer relations,” Netanyahu said before boarding his plane for the first-ever visit by an Israeli premier to Lithuania.

“I am doing it through contacts with blocs of European Union countries, eastern European countries, and now with Baltic countries and other countries, of course.”

But EU spokeswoman Maja Kocijancic said the bloc was “strongly opposed” to Israel’s “illegal” settlement policy, calling it “an obstacle to peace”.

The planned settlements “would further jeopardise the prospect of a contiguous and viable future Palestinian state,” she added in a statement Thursday.

Netanyahu will meet the leaders of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia together in Vilnius during his visit which is set to last until Sunday.

He will also pay tribute to Lithuania’s once vibrant Jewish culture and its tragic end during the Holocaust.

Lithuania has traditionally been one of Israel’s better friends in the European Union.

The Baltic nation was behind Netanyahu’s invitation to meet with EU foreign ministers in Brussels last December, irking some EU officials.

“Lithuania and the other Baltic states are probably regarded by Netanyahu as voices that could play the role of Israel’s advocates inside the EU,” Vilnius University professor Ramunas Vilpisauskas told AFP.

Netanyahu has regularly sought sympathetic ears within the EU, particularly among countries that can serve as a counterweight to the critical treatment Israel often receives from western European nations over its policies in the Palestinian territories it occupies.

Netanyahu has also been eager to convince European countries to exert more pressure on Iran after the United States pulled out of the nuclear deal between Tehran and world powers and reimposed sanctions — something Israel had advocated.

The EU was one of the signatories to the Iran nuclear deal, which it has sought to salvage after the US withdrawal.

The European countries say the deal is working as intended, keeping Israel’s arch-enemy Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons for now.
Jewish heritage

Lithuania in turn is seeking to expand defence cooperation, notably in cyber security, and wants Israel to take a tougher stance towards Russia, which the Baltic states see as their greatest security threat.

“We need to better understand each other’s security challenges because security is indivisible,” Deividas Matulionis, an advisor to the Lithuanian prime minister, told AFP.

Many Israelis have origins in Lithuania, including Netanyahu’s grandmother, who was born in the northern town of Seduva.

His grandfather hailed from Kreva in what is now Belarus, according to Lithuanian Jewish community spokeswoman Monika Antanaityte.

Netanyahu will meet with members of the Jewish community in Lithuania and visit a memorial to Jewish Holocaust victims there.

He will also award a Lithuanian family the title of Righteous among the Nations for having saved their Jewish neighbours from the Nazis.

“We are greatly honoured that Netanyahu will pay so much attention to the Lithuanian Jewish community,” community leader Faina Kukliansky told AFP.

Lithuania was once a hub of Jewish learning and home to more than 200,000 Jews before World War II.

Over 90% of Lithuania’s Jews died during the 1941-1944 German occupation at the hands of Nazis and local collaborators.

The country’s 2.9 million population today includes around 3,000 Jews.

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