Russian gas flows via Yamal pipeline to Germany decline sharply

Yamal pipeline [Gazprom]

Russian westbound gas flows via the Yamal-Europe pipeline to Germany from Poland have declined sharply on Thursday (3 March), data from the Gascade pipeline operator showed.

Russian energy supplies have been in spotlight amid Kremlin’s tensions with the West and invasion of Ukraine. Russia calls its actions in Ukraine a “special operation”.

Russian gas accounts for some 40% in European gas market, while Yamal – Europe pipeline usually accounts for about 15% of Russia’s westbound supply of gas to Europe and Turkey.

Yamal doesn’t run across Ukraine, but across Belarus, to Poland and Germany.

According to the data, gas supplies fell to mere 598,712 kilowatt-hours per hour (kWh/h) on Thursday morning from around 17.5 million kWh/h previously at Mallnow metering point.

The data from the Gascade operator also showed preliminary bids of 6.4 million kWh/h for the next 24 hours for westbound supplies, while bids for eastbound flows of 6.1 million kWh/h also remained.

Interfax news agency reported that westbound gas supplies via the route have been booked for 3 March.

The German-Polish section of the pipeline switched into reverse mode on 21 December as buyers in Poland drew on stored supplies from Germany rather than buying more Russian gas at high spot prices.

Eastbound gas flows resume on Russian Yamal-Europe pipeline

Gas flows from Germany to Poland resumed on Wednesday evening (2 February) via the Russian Yamal-Europe pipeline, which usually sends Russian gas westwards into Europe, data from German network operator Gascade showed.

Gazprom in recent days has intermittingly sent gas westward via the link amid high demand in Europe. It said on Thursday that it was shipping gas to Europe via Ukraine in line with customers’ requests.

The requests stood at 109.5 million cubic metres as of 3 March, broadly in line with previous day’s level, it said.

The invasion of Ukraine has thrown Germany’s problematic dependence on Russian gas into stark relief, forcing Europe’s largest economy to urgently reshape its energy mix.

Russia is suspected of keeping its supplies through traditional routes at low levels, to highlight the need for an additional one – the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, which is considered as dead as part of the Western sanctions following the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

(Edited by Georgi Gotev)

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