Updates to make clear there is no new legislation on the way for new tobacco-related electronic devices
EXCLUSIVE / The tobacco industry is already feeling the pressure from the implementation of EU anti-tobacco legislation and is exploring ways to bypass it and mislead EU consumers, Commissioner for Health and Food Safety Vytenis Andriukaitis told EURACTIV.com in an interview.
The European Commission presented on Thursday (23 November) a report conducted together with the OECD and the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies.
Reducing the burden of avoidable diseases on healthcare systems is high on the EU executive’s priorities. Spending on prevention accounts for only 3% of national health budgets, compared with 80% on the treatment of diseases, a situation that is clearly unbalanced, according to the Commission.
Speaking on the sidelines of the event, Andriukaitis stressed the EU Tobacco Product Directive, which entered into force in May 2016, had created a lot of challenges for the tobacco industry.
The revised directive introduced a number of strict measures on packaging. For instance, 65% of a pack’s surface should contain a health warning picture as well as text.
For the EU health chief, health warnings have had an impact on consumers and many market “deviations” have been noticed from the industry side.
“Tobacco products are displayed horizontally on shelves. And you see names, but not pictograms. Why? Because they [tobacco industry] feel that use of tobacco is going down. If you look at market behaviours, they are very worried,” the Lithuanian politician said.
He went further, adding that consumers are often given or offered an additional box to put the cigarettes in, with the aim of “hiding” the unattractive health warnings.
Stricter rules for e-cigarettes
Andriukaitis also spoke about the new electronic devices which have entered the EU market.
“The tobacco industry is doing a lot in the use of new electronic devices. They are using cigarettes with heating instruments. They are new and they are not covered by directives,” he said.
He warned about stronger legislation against e-cigarettes.
“I see possibilities to encourage our agents to look into electronic cigarettes, and how to go into the direction of stronger regulation of electronic cigarettes. And how to stop advertising and online sales. But frankly speaking, I am optimistic that this directive will be effective,” he noted, referring to normal cigarettes.
Industry silent over ‘cheap whites’
Another hot issue in relations between the tobacco industry and the Commission is the track and trace system of tobacco products, a provision of the new directive.
The European distribution sector also reacted strongly to a recent Commission proposal, claiming that it adds more red tape and complexity and increases operational costs in an ailing sector.
According to the proposed system, every operator in the supply chain is required to get pre-authorisations for every step of production and distribution. “Such a complex architecture has never been tested in the real world,” the distributors noted, adding that the sector’s small players will be severely hit.
But the Commission does not share this view.
“They are active in trying to block the track and trace system. We notice plenty of activities in EU countries where tobacco lobbies are very strong and they are blocking this every day,” the Commissioner said.
Andriukaitis said it was difficult to achieve the final ratification of the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products, a 2012 World Health Organisation treaty designed to combat the worldwide illicit tobacco trade.
“It combines the Tobacco Product Directive with illicit trade protocol, which means that you have excellent opportunities to have legally binding obligations around the globe in every country to reduce production of tobacco. […] A lot of companies are producing cigarettes in third countries and they have very sophisticated systems of distribution such as cheap white cigarettes,” the Commissioner said.
The Commission has ratified the treaty but countries like Germany or Italy have not and the executive is currently pushing for its ratification.
“Look around you in Paris’ railway stations. Smuggling is here, and who is the producer? I don’t hear the tobacco industry being against smuggling. Why? Because it is a network of interest, production and distribution,” Andriukaitis emphasised.
Asked why he believed the industry is not outspoken on the issue, he replied, “I don’t know why, but why are they so silent? Because it would be in their interest to speak against it! But I have never heard this debate. If you were a transparent industry, you would be very much interested in ratifying the illicit trade protocol.”
Andriukaitis added that the executive would fulfil its obligations on track and trace implementing acts.
“We see possibilities to adopt those by the end of this year, in order for member states and industry to have time to implement them,” he concluded.
Reacting to the publication of this article, Japan Tobacco International, a global tobacco company, told EURACTIV that the Commissioner’s comments were “misleading”.
“If he would only spare a moment to call his fellow regulators in many EU member states, he would have heard the feedback that the Directive is so complex that many countries struggled to draft the national laws it required in time,” JTI said [See more in the Positions below]