Germany has banned its largest neo-Nazi association, the HNG, which supports prisoners with far-right views and their families, the Interior Ministry said on Wednesday (22 September), the government's latest step to curb the influence of radical groups.
The Help Organisation for National Political Prisoners and their Families (HNG) is, say German authorities, a threat to society and works against the constitution.
With the slogan "A front inside and outside", the HNG seeks to reinforce prisoners' right-wing views and motivate them to continue their struggle against the system, said the ministry.
"It is no longer acceptable that imprisoned right-wing extremists are being strengthened by the HNG in their aggressive stance against the free, democratic order," Interior Minister Hans-Peter Friedrich said in a statement.
"By rejecting the democratic constitutional state and glorifying National Socialism, the HNG tried to keep right-wing radical criminals in their own milieu," the ministry said.
The group, founded in 1979, has some 600 members. The ban follows raids in which police seized material from leading HNG members across Germany.
Although far-right groups attract most support in the eastern states, where unemployment is high and prospects few, the raids took place in western states including Bavaria and North Rhine-Westphalia.
Germany's domestic intelligence agency has said that far-right groups in the last few years have sought to use the financial crisis and eurozone debt crisis to prove that the capitalist system has failed.
Holocaust survivors welcomed the ban, saying it was a sign of Germany's political maturity and determination to confront extremists.
"HNG is a body whose hate-filled world view extends beyond antipathy to Jews to all minorities. History has shown us where such malignant attitudes can lead," said Elan Steinberg, vice president of the American Gathering of Holocaust Survivors and their Descendants.
"Germany has demonstrated that it can confront the historic burden it must bear. Other nations should take this lesson to heed," Steinberg said in a statement.
The ban comes two weeks after the far-right National Democratic Party (NPD), which wants the end of parliamentary democracy, regained seats in the state assembly of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. It is also represented in Saxony.
Right-wing groups in Germany, including the NPD, are more radical than populist, anti-immigration parties in the Netherlands, Belgium, Austria and Sweden which have enjoyed greater success at the ballot box.
Germany's Office for the Protection of the Constitution describes the NPD as racist, anti-Semitic and revisionist and says its statements prove its inspiration comes from the Nazis. The party says the German constitution is a 'diktat' imposed by victorious Western powers after World War Two.
Germany has banned several right-wing groups in the last few years but critics say the government needs to do more to weed out extreme views which permeate society.
"It is a sensible, if overdue, step to ban a criminal organisation like the HNG," said Anetta Kahane, head of the Amadeu Antonio Foundation which supports projects to boost civil society.
"But we need to do more to educate people so that they can resist right-wing ideas. For example, judges and the police need to be educated to deal with extremists," she told Reuters.
"The problem of neo-Nazis has not gone away."
EURACTIV with Reuters.