Greece plans to reduce overcrowding at migrant camps on its islands, a government official said yesterday (17 August), to ease growing tensions and improve conditions that campaigners have called “disgraceful”.
More than 10,700 asylum seekers are now sheltered on five Greek islands which have capacity for 7,450, according to government data. Charity Save the Children said they were living in “dirty, unsafe conditions … with no end in sight.”
Greece now plans to build several new facilities with a capacity of about 1,000 persons each, to transfer refugees from the islands and other strained or temporary sites.
Migration flows from Turkey to Greece have intensified since the failed coup attempt in Ankara, according to official Greek data.
A government official said the slow processing of requests for asylum – without which migrants face being returned to Turkey – was adding to building frustration at the camps.
“We are facing a lot of problems on the islands. People feel trapped and disillusion is growing. They came very close to materialising their dream of reaching Europe but it didn’t happen,” said the official, speaking on condition of anonymity.
Greece dispatched extra police on the island of Kos after its mayor warned of bloodshed if the tensions created by the massive arrival of immigrants worsen, the Greek press reported.
“We are moving to a de-congestion process while speeding up the processing of asylum requests,” the official said. “The new facilities will be better, more permanent, smaller dwellings.”
Greek authorities said late on Wednesday that they had returned by plane to Turkey eight more men from Syria bringing the total number, under the accord agreed with EU in March, to 476.
Protecting the European Union’s external borders has become a focal political point of the refugee crisis. The director of the EU’s border protection agency, Frontex, has called for a controlled and “credible” system. EurActiv’s partner treffpunkteuropa.de reports.
Including those on the islands, there are 57,679 migrants stranded in Greece, up from about 42,000 in March. Its shelters have capacity for 61,409 people.
Flows have slowed since the deal between the European Union and Turkey came into force in April. There has been a small increase in the past few weeks, but nothing on the scale of the hundreds or even thousands arriving daily last year.
Save the Children said 3,800 of those on the islands were children. The charity called on the European Union to give more funding to help improve conditions for migrants in Greece.
A representative for Arsis, a non-governmental organisation providing social support to young people, said there were only 728 beds available for 3,168 registered unaccompanied minors in Greece.
“We are constantly looking for space to provide shelter to unaccompanied minors,” said Arsis’ Katerina Poutou. “Our needs are urgent.”