A migrant policy deal struck by Chancellor Angela Merkel to save the German government drew scepticism on Tuesday (3 July) from her Social Democrat coalition partners, who said more talks and work were needed to make the disputed proposal fly.
Merkel needs the backing of both her junior coalition partner and fellow European Union states if the plan to limit the number of asylum seekers arriving in Europe’s most prosperous economy is to succeed.
But leaders of the three parties in Merkel’s governing coalition failed to reach an agreement on Tuesday evening during a two-and-a-half-hour meeting in the German chancellery.
“We were able to make progress, but we have not found common ground yet,” Social Democratic (SPD) leader Andrea Nahles said, adding that all three parties agreed to meet again on Thursday evening.
Olaf Scholz, Vice Chancellor and Finance Minister from the SPD, said more time was needed to translate the conservatives’ migration proposal into a set of “reasonable rules”.
CDU/CSU row settled
Merkel’s Christian Democrats (CDU) and their long-time Bavarian Christian Social Union (CSU) allies agreed on Monday to set up special transit centres at the border with Austria where migrants already registered in other EU countries will be held and then sent back to the countries where they had registered first.
The plan appeared to settle a dispute between the two conservative parties that had threatened Merkel’s three-month-old government. But a Forsa poll on Tuesday showed a majority of Germans to be unhappy about the agreement.
The Social Democrats, who rejected a similar plan three years ago, withheld their immediate consent and EU states must also agree to take migrants back.
Earlier on Tuesday, Nahles said the plan was worthless without bilateral deals with countries such as Italy and Austria, from which most of the migrants reaching Germany come.
“We have many open questions,” said Nahles, whose lawmakers discussed the deal on Tuesday. Securing the consent of other EU countries was crucial, she said, adding: “That’s why I consider the deal for now as an uncovered cheque.”
Lars Klingbeil, secretary general of the centre-left party, stopped short of rejecting the deal but told the Rheinische Post newspaper: “Our resolution stands: We don’t want closed camps.”
However, European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker responded positively to the deal. “I have not studied it in detail but at first glance – and I have asked the legal services to look at it – it seems to me to be in line with the law,” Juncker told a news conference in Strasbourg.
Bilateral talks with Austria, Hungary
Austria, the main entry point for migrants into Germany, said it would take measures to protect its own southern borders if Berlin went ahead with the transit zones. It fears that tighter border controls by its northern neighbour could raise the number of migrants on its own soil.
Meanwhile Hungary’s anti-migrant Prime Minister Viktor Orban, said Budapest was open for talks with Germany if Berlin managed to strike a migration deal with neighbouring Austria, whose Chancellor Sebastian Kurz is, like Orban, an immigration hardliner.
“The order can only be: negotiations between Germany and Austria, then negotiations between Austria and Hungary,” Orban said in an interview with German mass daily Bild. “And only at the end, if there really is clarity about the German position, (there can be) negotiations between Hungary and Germany,” Orban added.
The Hungarian prime minister stressed the need to strengthen the protection of the European Union’s external borders and to establish migration transit centres outside the EU.
Orban added that he would soon hold talks with Kurz to discuss the next steps “with our direct, friendly neighbours”.
Merkel’s new policy on immigration is a compromise that allowed her to defuse a confrontation with CSU head Horst Seehofer.
Seehofer, who is also German interior minister and wanted tighter national border controls had threatened to resign, then delayed a decision and now says he will remain in the cabinet.
He said he had spoken to Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz by phone. “I have the impression that he is interested in a sensible solution,” Seehofer said before a party meeting.
The Austrian chancellery confirmed that Seehofer would meet Kurz and his far-right counterpart Herbert Kickl on Thursday.
Seehofer also spoke with his Italian counterpart Matteo Salvini, leader of Italy’s far-right League, by phone and both agreed to meet for bilateral talks before a summit of interior ministers in Innsbruck, Austria on July 11.
The Forsa poll showed 54% would have favoured a CDU-CSU split over the migration question while 38% welcomed the agreement and the unity of the two sister parties.
More than two-thirds said Seehofer should have resigned as interior minister while only one out of four respondents welcomed his decision to stay in office.
The dispute underlined the deep divisions lingering within Europe on how to deal with the migrants who have arrived in the last three years.
Numbers are sharply down from the peak three years ago. However, there has been a surge in departures from Libya of migrants trying to cross by sea to Italy.
The idea of setting up centres at the border with Austria to process migrants is not new. At the height of the record influx of migrants in 2015, Merkel agreed to a CSU proposal to establish transit zones at the border to filter out migrants who have little chance of gaining asylum.
The plan was dropped after opposition from the Social Democrats. They argued such zones would not limit the number of migrants given that most were fleeing wars in the Middle East and Afghanistan and therefore entitled to asylum in Germany.
However, there seems to be little appetite among SPD leaders to oppose the plan this time and trigger another crisis.
Some Social Democrats accuse the CSU of wanting to appear tough on immigration before a regional election in Bavaria in October where the conservatives are expected to lose voters to the anti-immigrant Alternative for Germany party.
About 68,000 people applied for asylum in Germany in the first five months of this year, compared with a record of 745,500 in the whole of 2016. About 18,000 had already applied for asylum in another EU country.