Schengen confusion under Hungarian stewardship


The accession of Bulgaria and Romania to the border-free Schengen space has been postponed, a Hungarian minister announced yesterday (6 January). After a nervous reaction from Bucharest, the statement was soon denied by the Hungarian authorities, who hold the EU's rotating presidency. EURACTIV's network reports.

The news that the accession of Bulgaria and Romania to the Schengen area, planned for March, had been postponed was announced by Hungarian Interior Minister Sándor Pintér, quoted by DPA.

In a matter of minutes, the announcement made big headlines in Romania and Bulgaria, the political leaderships of which had made Schengen accession one of both countries' biggest priorities.

Pintér's announcement could hardly be seen as a big surprise. On 21 December, France and Germany issued a joint letter saying they would block Romania and Bulgaria's Schengen bid. Accession to the Schengen space requires unanimity among EU member states.

"Romania and Bulgaria still need to do a lot of things, therefore they won't be able to meet the spring deadline," Pintér was quoted as saying. He added that if the countries wanted to get another chance to join Schengen in October, they would need to get things done by the end of June.

Hungarian blunder

In Romania, Foreign Minister Teodor Baconschi expressed doubt that the quote as reported by DPA, a German press agency, was correct. A Hungarian Foreign Ministry spokesperson said an official communiqué would be issued shortly with the official position.

Hours later, Hungarian press agency MTI denied Pintér's statement as quoted by DPA. MTI quotes the country's Foreign Ministry, according to which Bulgaria and Romania's Schengen accession remains a priority of the Hungarian EU Presidency.

However, in setting out that priority, the presidency website uses the wording "to move forward the enlargement of the Schengen area to include Bulgaria and Romania," which could mean making some progress in view of future accession.

Late at night, the Hungarian EU Presidency website published a statement by Pintér in which he is quoted as saying that "there is no such thing as a lost cause".

A diplomat who asked not to be named said the Hungarian minister had apparently made a blunder, as he had hastened to announce a decision which had not yet been officially adopted.

Romanian threats

On Monday, Baconschi warned that if it is denied Schengen accession, Romania would unilaterally leave the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM) put in place by the European Commission to monitor the country's deficient law-enforcement system (see 'Background'). Also, Baconschi said that Romania would insist that the same mechanism be applied to candidate country Croatia, which hopes to conclude its accession talks under Hungarian EU Presidency.

In the meantime, Romanian MPs issued a warning that they would block ratification of a Lisbon Treaty change to add 18 additional MEPs to the current number of 751.

However, in contrast with this bullish attitude, Romania's President Traian Basescu said on Wednesday that he would assume responsibility for the missed objective of joining Schengen in the spring. He also said his country would not unilaterally leave the CVM and would not affect Croatia's EU accession.

In a TV interview yesterday evening, Basescu said that he was less worried about delays to Schengen accession than about "the abuse of power" by France and Germany, which he labelled a "directorate" that was creating a "dangerous precedent".

Basescu said that Romania had fulfilled all requirements for Schengen accession as confirmed by the technical report, which will be unveiled on 14 January.

"We fulfilled our obligations and now someone tells us 'no'. Very well then, we will stop. The speed of technology modernisation is very high. There is no use in buying technologies which will be outdated by the time the EU directorate would be kind enough to accept us," he said.

The Romanian president had already alluded to the fact that his country could abort a 650-million-euro contract with Franco-German airspace company EADS regarding surveillance of the future EU frontier.

Bulgarian scandals

Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borissov said he would make a huge effort, together with the government, to ensure that Bulgaria was ready to join Schengen in the autumn.

However, the appeasing statement has to be seen against the background of mushrooming scandals.

Rumen Petkov, a former interior minister who had to resign from the former Socialist government after a scandal linking him to mafia circles, said on Monday that he "suspected" that 30 million euros from a total of 130 million allocated by the Commission to help the country's Schengen accession had been "stolen".

To make things worse, another scandal erupted on Wednesday, when the Bulgarian press published transcripts from wiretaps featuring the country's Interior Minister Tsvetan Tsvetanov, Budget Minister Simeon Djankov and customs chief Vanyo Tanov.

According to the tapes, Tanov complains that Tsvetanov wants him to shelter certain firms from customs checks.

The wiretaps were made by the country's secret police and were leaked to Galeria, a tabloid. Borissov revealed some nervousness about the fact that police tapes had been made public, but said it was "normal" that his minister's phones were tapped.

In the meantime, Tsvetanov, Djankov and Tanov made a statement, insisting that they "work well" together. They even staged a media appearance, smiling in front of a truckload of confiscated smuggled cigarettes.

However, Foreign Minister Nickolay Mladenov recognised yesterday that the scandal "could harm" the country's Schengen bid.

Bulgaria and Romania will not be admitted to the Schengen space in March, AFP announced after the publication of this article, quoting various unnamed EU diplomats.

The reason, they said, is that according to the expert report on the two countries' preparedness to join the EU border free area, Bulgaria had failed to secure its border with Turkey.

"We cannot admit Romania without Bulgaria," one diplomat is quoted saying.

Diplomats also said that not only France and Germany opposed the accession of Bulgaria and Romania to Schengen.

"A dozen of EU governments share this opinion," a diplomat is quoted saying.

Schengen is a village at the border between Luxembourg, France and Germany, where an agreement was signed in 1985 to gradually abolish checks at common borders between those countries, the Netherlands and Belgium.

Gradually, the process was taken further. In 1995, border controls were abolished between Belgium, Germany, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Spain and Portugal.

Today, the Schengen border-free area consists of 25 member states: 22 EU countries (all except Bulgaria, Romania, Ireland, the UK and Cyprus) as well as three associated countries: Norway, Iceland and Switzerland. Denmark has signed the Schengen agreement, but has kept its freedom not to apply certain measures.

The UK and Ireland decided to stay outside the Schengen area.

Romania and Bulgaria, which joined the EU in 2007, remain outside the agreement due to shortcomings in their police and judicial systems. Both countries were placed under a special monitoring system, called a Cooperation and Verification Mechanism.

In September, EU ministers for European Affairs decided to extend the monitoring for another year.

Subscribe to our newsletters