From Syria to Bulgaria, part II: ‘Now, I am a teacher in Sofia’

Elias now lives in Sofia, the capital city of Bulgaria – a country that when it first greeted him was not at all prepared to receive and care for him and the many others like him. EURACTIV Romania reports.

Today, he lives in the centre of Sofia together with his wife and child. Elias works for an IT company that has contracts with many companies in the Arab world, and he teaches Arabic languages at Sofia University.

When he can make room in his schedule, Elias volunteers to help those who roam through the streets of Sofia with only their backpacks, running from the police, sleeping where they can, waiting for a chance to make another step towards the rich countries of the West, where they can make a living.

What was your destination?

Elias: Germany, or to Sweden, or to some country where I could have better opportunities. Why did I stay in Bulgaria? The situation was really bad. We were in a camp, which had really bad conditions.

When was this?

It was a year ago, in Sofia.

You came illegally to Bulgaria…

Yes, of course, there is no other way… No legal way… I told you, we don’t have passports. The only way to come to Europe is illegally. There were no legal ways to come.

I started to think. OK, I speak different languages. Let’s help others who do not speak any languages. I started to help the other refugees. After a week, I was teaching the kids in the camp, I was travelling with some groups just to give support to other refugees, in other camps – you know – outside Sofia and even in Sofia, and that’s how I met her in one of the camps (his wife).

Even right now, my boss at the company, the owner of the company, is one of the supporters of the refugees. I met him in a camp outside of Sofia.

Migrants and police clash in Bulgaria refugee camp

Around 1,500 migrants have rioted in Bulgaria’s largest refugee camp yesterday (24 November), triggering clashes that left two dozen police injured and prompted the arrest of hundreds of protesters, officials said.

 Was he also a volunteer?

Yes. After that, after a couple of months, he started to contact me: “Hey, Elias… Let’s… We’re developing programmes (IT), you can help us.”

Is he an IT entrepreneur?

Yes, and right now I’m working for his company. I think it is okay.

The situation is changing here. Maybe the camps do not need the same help as they did at the beginning. I thought that it was time to give something back to this country that protected me, at least. And a friend of mine – among the volunteers I met a professor from the university – invited me once to go there and to have contact with the students there. I just started to speak to them. They liked me, they offered me at the university, as I am native, so…

Do you teach them?

Yes, I am a lecturer in Arabic languages. They knew that I had a good experience in teaching. I taught in Cuba, at the University of Havana, for four years. I like to be a professor, actually. It’s more than IT, than an outsourcing company or this kind of job. But here, working in these companies, you get better chances because they offer better money. And the university… Actually, I’m doing it like a volunteer, because they are not giving good money there. At least, I’m doing this for Bulgarians – not for the government – the people who helped at the beginning.

The average Bulgarian, not the state.

I told you. I don’t want to blame the government because the situation in the camps is better now than it was at the beginning. When we came in the first wave; we were 10,000. It was a big number for a small country like Bulgaria, a poor country. All the refugees, educated refugees, they go to Germany, or to other countries because of this.

You’re saying this although you are well integrated. You have two jobs, you have a family…

Yes, I have my family here.

You still say that.

Yes, exactly, because I told you – I was not thinking to stay here, but destiny made me stay here, maybe to meet my wife.

You met your wife here. Is she a Bulgarian?

She is half Bulgarian-half Syrian.

One of the reasons I remained here is that I saw that there were opportunities to stay and get a good job. Other refugees, they don’t even know that there are opportunities here. The language barrier is sometimes really hard. If one does not speak different languages, it’s harder for them to integrate. I think that work – getting a good job – is the easiest way to integrate in any society.

Do you speak Bulgarian now?

(Laughing) No. Shame on me.

EU unveils Syria reconstruction plan

The EU unveiled an ambitious plan Tuesday (14 March) to support the reconstruction of war-torn Syria, calling it a “dividend” to encourage warring parties to reach a peace deal.

Do you plan to return to Syria at some point?


Or do you feel that you’re a Bulgarian now? Do you feel that this is your home?

Not exactly. Part of me… As I told you, I don’t feel like it’s my country, like I felt when I was in Cuba. I feel like I am more Cuban. Part of me is Cuban, part of me is Syrian.

Not a Bulgarian yet?

Not a Bulgarian yet. Because it’s different. You know, there are like… I’ve never had this feeling that I’m a foreigner. It’s like I am the same person, I am the same guy, but when I speak in Arabic, they feel like “hmm, these Arab guys.” But if I speak in Spanish, they start laughing with me, something like “OK, you are welcome here…”

How do you explain this?

It is the propaganda that some media are doing. Not only here, in Bulgaria, I think that in many countries there is a malicious propaganda. They want to show the refugees as being evil, bad people that must not come to Europe.

From Syria to Bulgaria, part I: Escaping death

Some years ago, an ambitious Kurd from a village in northern Syria won a scholarship to study abroad. He ended up in Havana, where he learned Spanish. Elias later returned to Syria, where he became a translator at the state news agency, SANA. EURACTIV Romania reports.


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