The Capitals brings you the latest news from across Europe, through on-the-ground reporting by EURACTIV’s media network. You can subscribe to the newsletter here.
Before you start reading today’s edition of the Capitals, feel free to have a look at the article Erdogan will back down at first sign of EU unity – source by Sarantis Michalopoulos.
Commission issues guidelines on ‘integration’ to clear way for EU migration pact. The European Commission on Tuesday (24 November) issued a new set of guidelines, calling on EU member states to do a better job of integrating migrants into European societies.
Critics, however, say the plan is likely to fall flat because the guidelines are not legally binding on EU member states who have no obligation to implement them. Read the full story here.
The European news you deserve to read. Welcome to The Capitals by EURACTIV.
In today’s news from the Capitals:
WARSAW | BUDAPEST | LJUBLJANA
The French and German Ambassadors to Warsaw, Frédéric Billet and Arndt Freytag von Loringhoven, called on EU countries to show solidarity during the COVID-19 pandemic in a joint message to the Polish government published Monday by “Rzeczpospolita” daily. The message also made a reference to the new EU budget, which Poland and Hungary have blocked.
Both countries have been under EU investigation for undermining the independence of courts, media and non-governmental organisations. With the recovery fund conditions in place, the two risk losing access to funding over rule of law shortcomings.
Last week, EU leaders agreed in a virtual summit to allow more time for an agreement.
Polish PM Mateusz Morawiecki will meet his Hungarian counterpart Viktor Orbán in Budapest on Thursday to discuss their veto of the EU’s budget and recovery fund, a Polish government spokesman has said.
It seems Budapest and Warsaw will remain firm in their position, which is also openly backed by Slovenia. Read more.
German Antisemitism commissioner condemns coronavirus sceptic movement. The German government’s antisemitism commissioner Felix Klein sharply criticised on Tuesday the coronavirus-sceptic protesters, who had been comparing themselves to Anne Frank or anti-Nazi activist Sophie Scholl. Read more.
France easies lockdown measures, says vaccination not compulsory. “The peak of the second wave of the pandemic has passed. (…) Our efforts, your efforts have paid off,” said French President Emmanuel Macron, during his televised address on Tuesday evening. Read more.
Belgium, the ‘island of closed shops’. After French President Macron announced that all stores in France may reopen from Saturday, a decision also made by all neighbouring countries, the pressure on the Belgian retail sector is increasing, the sector federation Comeos has warned. Read more.
Austria reveals vaccination strategy. Austrian Health Minister Rudolf Anschober (Greens) laid out the first steps of the country’s COVID-19 vaccination strategy on Tuesday. Starting in January, inhabitants and employees of nursing homes will be treated first, followed by patients and staff of hospitals.
In phase two, which will start in February or March, persons over the age of 65 and essential workers, such as police officers, grocery shop cashiers or teachers, will be next. Only later in spring will the rest of the population get access to the vaccines. (Philipp Grüll | EURACTIV.de)
Luxembourg’s Competition Council slaps cookie producers with €3.35 million fine. Bahlsen biscuit producers and three of its Luxembourg retailers Cactus, Auchan and Delhaize, were found to have agreed on the price of cakes, biscuits, nuts and crisps between 2011 and 2015, according to a decision issued by Luxembourg’s Competition Council. Though Bahlsen, which partly acknowledged the facts, will have to pay a total of €1.5 million, the three retailers will have to pay €1.85 million.
According to the decision, Cactus will have to pay 75% of the fine issued against the three retailers because it “reached a volume of sales in Luxembourg much higher than those of Auchan and Delhaize for the products and years in question.” (Anne Damiani | EURACTIV.com)
UK AND IRELAND
UK set to slash development aid budget. Boris Johnson’s ministers are preparing new laws that will reduce UK aid spending next year to just 0.5% of national income, down from the legally binding target of 0.7%, although it is unclear whether this cut will be permanent or a short-term money-saving measure in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Read the full story here.
Scotland first in the world to make sanitary products free. Scotland made sanitary products free to all women, becoming the first nation in the world to take such a step against “period poverty.” Sanitary products in the United Kingdom are taxed at 5%, a levy that officials have blamed on EU rules that set tax rates on certain products. Read more.
Ireland’s TULSA ‘still way off’ from full GDPR compliance. The head of the Irish child and family agency TULSA has said that the organisation is still ‘some way off’ from full GDPR compliance, following a series of high-profile data breaches earlier this year. Read more.
NORDICS AND BALTICS
HELSINKI | STOCKHOLM | OSLO | COPENHAGEN
Nordic people are ignorant and pessimistic – survey. People from Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Norway got one in four answers correct when responding to 18 factual questions related to the UN Sustainable Development Goals, according to a study carried out by Gapminder, an independent non-profit foundation. Read more.
Lithuanian MPs vote against legalising remote work. Lithuania’s newly elected parliament voted down amendments to legalise remote work, though an entire party group in the new ruling coalition had to self-isolate after coming in contact with the coronavirus and was thus not able to vote. Read more.
Italy wants Christmas measures to be coordinated at EU level. A coordinated EU approach on measures to be applied across the bloc over the Christmas period is currently being discussed, Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte confirmed following an exchange of views with European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen. Read more.
Spanish government approves new health plan for a ‘safe Christmas’. Spain’s socialist government approved a nationwide health plan to ensure a “safe Christmas” for all, which will be presented to Spain’s regional authorities on Wednesday for discussion and final approval. Read more.
More ICUs, more deaths: Greek minister causes wave of reactions. Greece State Minister George Gerapetritis triggered strong reactions after saying that an increased number of intensive care units (ICUs) would cause more deaths. Read more.
Czech PM Babis rejects cuts in defence spending. Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babiš’ government proposes to increase defence spending to 1.46% of the country’s GDP in the planned budget for 2021, the prime minister told the Czech Armed Forces, thus rejecting all efforts – notably by the Communist Party – to cut defence spending. Read more.
Slovak allies of Orban voice their support. A group of Hungarians from Slovakia issued a statement supporting the Hungarian and Polish position on the rule of law, which was the main reason for the two member states to veto the EU budget and recovery fund. Read more.
Ukrainian ambassador summoned. The Hungarian foreign ministry summoned Kyiv’s ambassador in Budapest on Tuesday after learning that the neighboring country banned for three years István Grezsa, ministerial commissioner for the development of cooperation between Ukraine and a bordering Hungarian county. Foreign Minister Péter Szijjártó described the decision as a “bolt from the blue” and said the Hungarian side had “handed over our protest and hopes that Ukraine will one day really return to the search for common success stories and cooperation based on mutual respect.”
The already strained relationship between the two countries became tenser last month after Ukrainian authorities alleged Hungarian interference in the country’s local elections and announced they would ban high-ranking government officials, to which Budapest threatened to block Kyiv’s European integration efforts. (Vlagyiszlav Makszimov | EURACTIV.com)
NEWS FROM THE BALKANS
Bulgaria has the highest COVID-19 mortality in the world. Epidemiologist Dr Peter Markov, who works in Oxford, announced that with an average of 16.18 deaths per one million, Bulgaria had overtaken Bosnia and Herzegovina (16.07 per million) and had the highest mortality from COVID-19.
“Bulgaria now ranks first in the world in terms of mortality from COVID-19. In other words, as of today, officially a person living in Bulgaria has, on average, the highest risk of dying from COVID-19, compared to a citizen of any other country in the world, be it in Africa, America, Europe or Asia”, he said. Bulgaria is yet to decide to introduce a lockdown. Up to now, all shops, restaurants and bars remain open. (Georgi Gotev | EURACTIV.com)
Croatia’s gender pay and pension gap amounts to 12.74%.” The social problem of the gender and pension gap, which in Croatia amounts to 12.74%, as well as “ways to reduce poverty for women,” were discussed during the ‘Equal rights – equal pay – equal pensions’ conference.
While more women now have higher qualifications, men continue to be overrepresented in the field of education and research, said Croatia’s Science and Technology Minister Radovan Fuchs. (Željko Trkanjec | EURACTIV.hr)
EIB invests €65 million to help Serbia digitise its schools. The European Investment Bank (EIB) announced its €65 million investment on Tuesday to help modernise and digitise Serbia’s elementary and high schools. Read more.
BELGRADE | SKOPJE
World War I shells discovered near stadium in North Macedonia. The North Macedonian authorities have so far discovered 15,000 artillery shells from World War I near a football stadium in Bitola, a city in the southwestern part of North Macedonia. Read more.
Dodik and Covic attack West’s high representative at UN Security Council. BiH Presidency Chairman Milorad Dodik, who attended a round table before the UN Security Council, attacked BiH High Representative Valentin Inzko, calling him a monster and a foreigner who cooperates only with Bosniaks from Sarajevo and speaks only on their behalf. Read more.
Montenegro’s URA leader Abazović needs protection. Montenegrin Prime Minister-designate Zdravko Krivokapić has called on state authorities to urgently take all measures to protect United Reform Action leader and candidate for defence minister in the new government, Dritan Abazović (URA).
Abazović has received dozens of threats over the phone and across social media since the parliamentary elections, the URA party informed reporters. Threatening messages were even sent by a regional crime gang from Kotor, a city on Adriatic coast.
The head of the National Police, Veselin Veljović, confirmed that the police have been undertaking all the necessary activities to protect Abazović. Police also reported that it has no operative data or information saying that his safety has been endangered. (Željko Trkanjec | EURACTIV.hr)
[Edited by Sarantis Michalopoulos, Daniel Eck, Zoran Radosavljevic]