The Capitals: Prespa Agreement shows first ‘tangible’ benefits

The Capitals is EURACTIV's daily newsletter from across Europe.

The Capitals brings you the latest news from across Europe, through on-the-ground reporting by EURACTIV media network.

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Greece-North Macedonia to end roaming charges: Athens and Skopje have signed an agreement to gradually decrease roaming charges and remove them completely by 2021. “Let’s make the Prespa Agreement a people’s agreement,” Greek minister Nikos Pappas said. Read the full story here.

Agriculture goes digital: The Greek government has launched an international electronic tender for the digitisation of the farming sector. The Internet of Things (IoT), Space and Big Data technologies will be at the core of the strategy, while the data will belong to the state. Read more

(Theodore Karaoulanis, EURACTIV Greece/ Sarantis Michalopoulos,



Brexit Zealots: Prime Minister May’s Conservative Party is being ‘manipulated by Brexit zealots,’ the former UK Tory Prime Minister Sir John Major will say today.

Delivering a lecture at the University of Glasgow, staunch remainer Major is set to highlight the financial consequences of a hard Brexit, as well as the risk that the UK could break up as a result of falling out the EU without a deal.
(Samuel Stolton,



A pact with Catalan separatists?: Spain’s socialist Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez said he did not rule out a future pact with Catalan separatist parties after the general elections in the country on 28 April, on condition that they respect the constitutional framework.

In an interview with public broadcast RTVE, Sánchez accused Catalan separatists of having brought “terror” to the dialogue with Madrid and said they had “lied” about the possibility of Catalonia becoming independent. On Tuesday, the trial of twelve Catalan separatist leaders continued at the Supreme Court. The defendants face serious charges after an illegal regional referendum, which allowed them to trigger a bid to secede unilaterally. (



Small bookseller starts a war against Amazon: Le Quai de Mots, a small independent bookseller in Spinal, northern France, will sue giant American e-bookseller Amazon for unfair competition. The owner hopes to defend small independent bookstores and raise public awareness through his action.

EU flag in every French classroom:  The French national assembly has voted to make the presence of a European flag mandatory in all classrooms, alongside the French national flag.  (Cécile Barbière –EURACTIV France)



Authorities puzzled about German IS fighters: The German judiciary is struggling with the question of what to do with the 1,050 IS fighters, who are German citizens and were captured in Syria and Iraq. Lawmakers are debating whether Germany should bring them home. Return of the IS fighters is only possible if the identity of the people is unequivocally clarified abroad, German Interior Minister Horst Seehofer said.

Favouritism: For the past ten years, Bavaria’s conservative party CSU has consistently been at the head of the transport ministry and has systematically favoured their region when allocating governmental funds, Der Tagesspiegel quoted the Greens as saying. (



Chancellor Sebastian Kurz will meet with US president Donald Trump in Washington today and will discuss the withdrawal of 100 Austrian IS fighters from Syria. Kurz is also expected to argue that a US-EU trade war should be avoided and reaffirm the EU’s support for the nuclear deal with Iran. 

Shortly before leaving for Washington, Kurz discussed those issues with European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker. (Herbert Vytiska,



Poland-Sweden spat: Poland has summoned Sweden’s ambassador after Stockholm refused to extradite Stefan Michnik, accused by the Polish Institute of National Remembrance of multiple crimes committed in the 1950s on behalf of the Stalinist regime. Sweden considers the case outdated and political, as Stefan is a half-brother of Adam Michnik, editor-in-chief of Gazeta Wyborcza, the largest opposition daily in Poland. (



Hard times: Clouds are gathering over Italy’s economy, as industrial turnover and orders dropped by 7.3% and 5.3% respectively compared to December 2017, the national statistical bureau ISTAT said. It is the biggest contraction since 2009 and confirms that Italy slipped into recession in the last quarter of 2018.

Renzi in trouble: Former Prime Minister Renzi’s parents have been placed under house arrest on fraud and fraudulent bankruptcy charges. Socialist Renzi was preparing a political comeback, but the allegations could now change his plan. (Gerardo Fortuna)



Agricultural subsidies in the spotlight: MEPs from the Budgetary Control Committee provided the European Commission and EU anti-fraud office OLAF with substantial information about misuse of EU agri-funds in Slovakia. On Tuesday, a big caravan of farmers, protesting against corruption, EU subsidy fraud and weak law enforcement, reached Bratislava. A meeting between the farmers and the EPP’s Spitzenkandidat Manfred Weber is expected on Wednesday, as he visits Slovakia during his EU election tour. (Zuzana Gabrižová,



Nord Stream 2: The Nord Stream 2 pipeline will stabilise energy prices in the Czech Republic, according to the Czech deputy trade minister. He said energy prices would be much higher if the pipeline was not built. He also said the pipeline would have no negative impact on the relations with Ukraine. (Aneta Zachová,



New law to change justice laws: Romania’s government has adopted a new decree that changes the laws governing the judiciary. The Romanian government had not informed the EU executive about the act. ”I didn’t know it was coming,” Commission First Vice-President Frans Timmermans told a news conference in Brussels. (Bogdan Neagu,



MPs to ratify North Macedonia’s NATO bid: The Bulgarian Parliament will today ratify the protocol for the accession to NATO of North Macedonia. The speaker of the North Macedonia parliament Talat Xhaferi is expected to attend. After Sofia and Skopje signed a bilateral treaty in August 2017, Bulgaria is a strong supporter of its neighbour’s membership in NATO and for opening accession negotiations with the EU.



The Left wants to limit salaries in state companies: Luka Mesec, leader of the left party, which supports the coalition government, said the salaries for managers in companies where the state has shares should be limited. This reaction was in response to the CEO of NLB, Slovenia’s largest bank, who has requested a salary hike. (Željko Trkanjec,



Leader of GLAS apologises over conflict: Anka Mrak-Taritaš, the leader of the liberal GLAS party has apologised for her failure to declare that she had received a €5,200 fee for sitting on an examination commission, in which she nominated herself, during her term as construction minister. (Željko Trkanjec,



Serbia proposes demarcation to solve Kosovo issue: Serbian FM Ivica Dačić said demarcation of borders was Serbia’s official position for solving the issue with Kosovo. However, he noted that it had yet to be discussed. Dačić said a demarcation line would be drawn where it was most acceptable for both sides but did not clarify whether demarcation would mean recognition of Kosovo. (Julija Simić,



Coal causes health problems in Western Balkans: In 2016, the amount of sulfur dioxide (SO2) released from the 16 coal-fired thermal power plants in the Western Balkans was equal to that emitted from all 250 thermal power plants in the EU, according to new research. (Željko Trkanjec,

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