Greece said on Thursday (26 July) it suspected arson was behind a devastating forest fire which killed at least 83 people and turned the small town of Mati east of Athens into a wasteland of death and destruction.
In one of the worst Greek disasters in living memory, Monday night’s blaze trapped dozens of people in their cars trying to flee a barrelling wall of flames.
“We have serious indications and significant signs suggesting the criminal actions of arson,” Civil Protection Minister Nikos Toskas told a news conference. He said police had testimonies to that effect, but did not elaborate.
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Reuters reported on Wednesday that police were investigating how the fire started from three different locations at the same time, on a day when a second major fire was raging west of the Greek capital.
With the toll from Greece’s deadliest wildfire in decades expected to rise further, about 300 firemen and volunteers were still combing the area on Thursday for dozens still missing.
Public Order Minister Nikos Toskas said satellite image analysis and ground inspections provided “serious indications” the fire that broke out in multiple places within a short time frame Monday and killed at least 82 people was set deliberately#Greecewildfires pic.twitter.com/cWeFslVzS5
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In a nation numbed by the scale of devastation, desperate relatives appeared on television to plead for information on those missing, while questions mounted on how people got trapped, and why no evacuation order was issued.
“This shouldn’t have happened, people perished for no reason,” a tearful woman shouted at Defence Minister Panos Kammenos as he visited the town and nearby fire-ravaged areas. “You left us at God’s mercy!”
One woman was still looking for her sister. “Nothing happened to her car, the house was not burned, so where is she?” Maria Sarieva said. “I believe she is alive. Where are they? They went somewhere. Where could they be?”
Haphazard and unlicensed building – a known feature of many areas across Greece – was also blamed. Many routes to the beach were walled off.
“How is it possible to have so many lives lost and not investigate who is responsible for such town planning chaos?” said Infrastructure Minister Christos Spirtzis.
Spirtzis explained that the “spatial crimes” of the past have to be corrected and said that the state needs to change its mindset and move into a completely different logic of anti-flood planning
Professor of dynamic tectonics and applied geology Efthymios Lekkas told television channel Skai said the Mati town plan was a “trap“, adding that it “included roads that led nowhere, that were dead ends, and roads that led to sheer escarpments above the sea”.
He noted that very few Greek towns were built in an appropriate way, especially in terms of safety, and it was now a question of what could be done in all the areas of Greece that had been developed in the last four or five decades.
Adding to the misery, an area of Athens was hit by flash floods on Thursday, damaging scores of cars.
Outside the coroner’s service in Athens, the mood was grim as relatives of victims arrived to submit information and blood samples which could assist identifications.
“This is a difficult process, more difficult than other mass disasters we have dealt with,” said coroner Nikolaos Kalogrias, adding that the bodies of most of the victims were completely charred.
About 500 homes were destroyed, and the fire brigade said there were closed-up homes that had not yet been checked.
The left-led government announced a long list of relief measures including a one-off €10,000 payment and a job in the public sector for victims’ spouses and near relatives. But for many, that was not enough to ease the pain.
“A drop in the ocean,” read the front page of newspaper Ta Nea.
The fire broke out on Monday at 4:57 p.m. and spread rapidly through Mati, which lies less than 30 km east of Athens and was popular with local tourists.
Firefighters described a rapid change in the direction of the wind, which also picked up speed, and some suggested the thick covering of pine trees and a mood of panic was a deadly combination that would have been hard to combat.