Whether they are looking far into the future for strategic orientations, or closer to the present for new legislation, EU decision-makers need local and regional leaders to show them how the Union is functioning on the ground.
François Decoster is the President of Renew Europe (European Committee of the Regions), Vice-President of Hauts-de-France, and Mayor of Saint-Omer.
Imagine the following scenario in a small municipality: the mayor is informed that the local school badly needs refurbishing, so the mayor instructs the municipal teams to find the necessary funding and to oversee the work once the funding has been secured, but throughout the whole process the mayor never once visits the school.
In normal circumstances, such a scenario is inconceivable in any such kind of municipality. Citizens of a local community have direct access to the local leader, and they expect physical presence, proximity and understanding. It is also necessary for good decision-making to have as clear a picture as possible of any particular problem, and witnessing the situation for oneself is undoubtedly one of the best tools available to any mayor.
However, the larger the political community, the harder it is for the political leader to physically inspect every site where political action is required. Yet, while citizens of large political communities understand that they cannot demand physical presence from their leaders as they would from their closest local leaders, their demand for understanding does not diminish, and the more they feel they are not understood, the greater their frustration.
The mayor of a large city or a regional president can just about visit the priority neighbourhoods and towns, but to have accurate information on the remaining areas, must rely on deputy mayors or regional ministers, regional parliamentarians and local councillors.
Prime ministers of nation-states have to be extremely selective and therefore rely heavily on national ministers, members of parliament, regional and local leaders, civil servants, civil society and the media.
Consider now the European Union: a political community of 450 million citizens, 24 official languages, 27 Member States, over 250 regions, and more than 80,000 municipalities.
Although the Presidents of the European Commission and the European Council, the 26 other European Commissioners, and the 705 Members of the European Parliament go to great efforts to visit different parts of the Union to better understand it, it’s simply impossible for them to have a sufficiently accurate picture of how the Union is functioning on the ground if they rely exclusively on these visits.
Even their regular contacts with prime ministers and national ministers can only provide them with a very patchy picture, and in a political community of such great diversity as the EU, detailed and reliable information is of absolute necessity, on the one hand, to deliver quality legislation and regulation, and on the other, to ensure that citizens feel they are heard and understood. So, what can be done to connect EU leaders to the reality on the ground?
With more than one million democratically elected representatives at local and regional level, who are collectively responsible for half of all public investment in the European Union, the answer is painfully obvious: the more EU decision-makers engage with subnational leaders, the better they will understand the Union they are governing, the better the legislation will be, and the more European citizens will feel they are heard and understood.
The decision-making process of the Union is complex and for many years some have considered that involving subnational leaders in the process would simply add to the complexity with little benefit.
This has resulted in the European Committee of the Regions (the institution created in the 1990s to connect the Union with the ground) being too frequently sidelined, overlooked, and severely underfunded for more than a quarter century. But thankfully, those who think that way find themselves in a shrinking minority.
The Members of the European Commission and a growing majority of members of the European Parliament have long realised that the objectives of the Union cannot be reached without a close partnership with those who are responsible for 50% of all public investment in the Union and who are best placed to reveal to the European level how the Union is functioning on the ground.
And this has now been reflected in the final report produced by the Conference on the Future of Europe, presented this 9 May, Europe Day, in Strasbourg.
Together with the President of the European Committee of the Regions (CoR), Apostolos Tzitzikostas, the presidents of the other political groups in the CoR, and 23 other regional and local representatives, I have been working for the past twelve months as a member of the Conference to ensure that, in future, the Union is better connected with the ground, aware of the diverse reality of its citizens and territories, better informed of how legislation is working and what new legislation is needed (or not needed), and therefore, ultimately, more effective and enjoying stronger support from its citizens.
Thus the Conference calls for an enhanced role for the CoR in the institutional architecture where matters with a territorial impact are concerned; a common definition of subsidiarity in order to clarify whether decisions should be taken at European, national or regional level; and for greater involvement of parliaments of regions with legislative powers;
The Conference also calls for the creation of an EU Councillors scheme that encourages municipalities to appoint one of their councillors to closely follow the activities of the Union in order to keep their citizens and council peers informed; and there are many other calls for multi-level collaboration in relation to jobs, education, social cohesion, migration, culture, the energy transition, and health, to name just some.
At the final plenary of the Conference, the President of the CoR announced that, should there be a Treaty change, the CoR will request a change of name to better reflect its work and the reality of the Union: from the European Committee of the Regions to European Assembly of Regions and Municipalities.
The Conference and its results represent a historic milestone in the long process of connecting the European Union with the reality on the ground. Let us hope that it is a point of no return and that for the sake of the future Union, a true and effective partnership between the EU and subnational government develops so that European citizens feel heard and understood.