Russia testing and deploying new generation nuclear weapons up north

While the testing sites are situated around the Barents Sea, White Sea, Kola Peninsula, and Novaya Zemlya, a large number of nuclear warheads are stored at several facilities on the Kola Peninsula, the report added. [Shutterstock/Goran Bogicevic]

Russia is actively testing new weapons systems that do not fit into the traditional framework of arms control treaties near the borders of Norway and Finland, according to the annual report by Norway’s Intelligence Service (NIS) released Monday.

While the testing sites are situated around the Barents Sea, White Sea, Kola Peninsula, and Novaya Zemlya, a large number of nuclear warheads are stored at several facilities on the Kola Peninsula, the report added.

The report points out that international arms treaties are not able to keep up with the pace of arms technology. Apparently, the New Start Treaty extended last week by another five years by Russia and the United States does not cover the systems currently under development.

Of “significant risk” to the Nordic region, according to the NIS report, are two nuclear weapons systems known as Poseidon and Burevestnik. While Poseidon is said to be a nuclear-powered, nuclear-tipped underwater mega-drone, Burevestnik is reportedly a nuclear-powered cruise missile with global reach and the ability to counter future missile defence systems.

Even more worrying, was the test conducted with Burevestnik in 2019 that ended in an explosion and radiation spike. (Pekka Vänttinen | EURACTIV.com)

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