The MIREM project, or ‘Collective Action to support the reintegration of return migrants in their country of origin’, hosted by the Robert Schuman Institute, is aiming to fill a knowledge gap regarding the patterns of reintegration of return migrants into Maghreb countries.
Another objective of the study is better to take into consideration the challenges linked to return migration and its impact on development. The report is based on a wide range of statistical data, such as the socio-demographic characteristics of the interviewed returnees, their socio-professional situations and skills, financial resources and migration experiences of living.
The high rate of unemployment in Morocco, due to a major increase in the urban population, is an important factor influencing both migration to foreign countries and difficulties for returning migrants, the report highlights. The study also takes into account issues such as the return of Moroccan unaccompanied minors, the migration of educated workers and the benefits this brings to developing countries.
A socio-economic focus on Morocco’s migration policy highlights the fact that the need to facilitate the departure of Moroccan workers in overseas countries, in the 1960s, to reduce the pressure on local labour market and give the country additional economic resources through foreign currency is still in phase.
The EU will have to strike a balance between the security concerns of member states and the need to respond in a credible manner to the pressing development-oriented expectations of some third countries, the report concludes.