The European Environmental Bureau (EEB) expressed its dismay at the strategies' lack of ambition and content. "The Waste Strategy package released today […] lacks the elements to tackle waste prevention and resource use properly," said EEB Secretary General John Hontelez. According to the EEB, the proposal "fails to clarify the five levels of waste hierarchy - prevention, reuse, recycling, energy recovery and disposal." Critically for the European environmental federation, the package also "abandons the existing waste stream approach - where producers are held responsible - in favour of a more complex materials approach where producer responsibility cannot practically be used." "We also see a dangerous trend that the Commission is shifting away from harmonised EU waste management policies towards the deharmonisation and re-nationalisation of waste management," said EEB waste and resources officer Melissa Shinn.
The "Recycling Coalition" - a group of sectoral and environmental stakeholders concerned with the promotion of recycling activities - reacted to the proposed revision of the Directive on Waste (COM (2005) 667 final) in April 2006. Though generally welcoming the EU commitment to become a 'recycling society,' it regrets the lack of a clear definition of recycling and "a waste hierarchy promoting recycling over energy recovery." It also calls for EU harmonised recycling targets and for output (rather than input) assessment of recycling actions.