Policy Instruments for achieving Environmentally Sustainable Transport
The report represents the latest phase of the OECD’s EST (Environmentally Sustainable Transport) project that has been in progress since 1994.
It concludes that human resistance to change and a general lack of knowledge could be among the biggest obstacles to creating environmentally sustainable transport systems over the next thirty years. Society is strongly welded to current transport practices. They have “a formidable momentum that has deep psychological, social and technological characteristics,” the report says.
Governments and policy makers will have a tougher job persuading the public and the transport industry of the need to change than in devising workable regulations, tax measures and investments to ensure transport becomes more sustainable, the report concludes.
The report also concludes that if the CO2 targets were met, the other emissions targets would also be met. On the other hand, noise and land-use targets were not necessarily met when the CO2 targets were met – in fact noise could be worsened, the report argued, throwing into relief one of many trade-off effects concerning sustainability.
The project has been carried out by six teams of experts in 9 OECD countries. These include case studies in Sweden, The Netherlands, Germany, the Quebec-Windsor corridor of Canada and the Alpine region spanning France, Switzerland, Austria and Italy. There have been separate studies in France, Austria and Japan as well in the transition economies of Eastern Europe.
For the full report, please go to the