Industry aims to ‘close the loop’ on resource use


This article is part of our special report Plastics and PVC.

SPECIAL REPORT / Six months after the Rio+20 Earth Summit, a Belgian company, Deceuninck Nv., has begun living up to the plastic industry's voluntary commitments by turning discarded doors, windows and other goods made with PVC into new products.

Criticised for being short on details and weak on government action, the Rio+20 Earth Summit nonetheless earned good marks for businesses that used the international gathering as a stage to launch their own environmental initiatives.

Dozens of multinational corporations pledged in Brazil to become more planet-friendly and transparent in their reporting on sustainability measures.

Europe’s vinyl industry, for its part, agreed to a replace lead additives, cut energy use and boost the recycling of polyvinyl chloride plastics (PVC) that are commonly used in urban water pipes as well as household plumbing, windows and doors.

Six months since the summit and some 9,300 kilometres from Rio de Janeiro, a Belgian company has begun living up to that commitment, doing what EU Environment Commission Janez Poto?nik recently called for all businesses to do: “to recycle, to substitute, to reduce and to make resources go further.”

Deceuninck Nv., which has been manufacturing doors and windows since before the Second World War, has inaugurated a new recycling plant that company officials say dramatically reduces its reliance on virgin resources by turning discarded doors, windows and other goods made with PVC into new products.

“Today we close the loop,” said Tom Debusschere, Deceuninck’s chief executive, referring to circle of the company’s goods from production, to use and to end-of-life reuse.

“PVC is a valuable material and should not end-up in a landfill or incinerator,” Debusschere said at the 17 October opening of the company’s first recycling facility, which can handle 20,000 tonnes of PVC annually.

Debusschere also says his company’s new windows and doors are nearly entirely recyclable.

The European PVC industry agreed at Rio to reduce its resource footprint by reclaiming 800,000 tonnes of PVC per year by 2020 – compared to the 255,000 the industry achieved in 2010. The VinylPlus project also commits the industry to phase out the use of lead by 2015, and to establish an industry label certifying PVC products as sustainable.

The recycling effort has been built from the bottom up over the past decade because PVC has a long life and has only been on the market since the 1950s.

The Rio disappointment

Other industries similarly made voluntary commitments amid criticism that Rio+20’s ‘The Future We Want’ roadmap contained few of the binding targets and commitments that European officials and ecology activists had hoped for.

Billed as the largest-ever UN conference, Rio+20 took place two decades after the first post-Cold War Earth Summit. Like green campaigners, some of the world’s leading trade groups and companies had hoped the conference would set the stage for clear targets on sustainable energy and development.

“We are very concerned about the lack of ambition and the lack of drive here amongst the international community to make the change,” said Peter Paul Van De Wijs, who was managing director of the World Business Council on Sustainable Development (WBCSD) when the conference opened on 20 June.

“There’s too much political positioning in these discussions rather than taking a broader society view and to take responsibly,” said Van De Wijs, who formerly headed Dow Chemical’s water global water strategy team. “That’s why it’s quite unique that businesses here are calling directly for more targets, more action and smarter regulation.”

Some activists doubted that corporate bosses were serious and saw big businesses’ promoting voluntary commitments to discourage politicians from taking regulatory action. The Corporate Europe Observatory, a Brussels group that monitors lobbying in the EU, accused businesses of a “lobbying offensive” at the 2002 Johannesburg Earth Summit and “greenwashing” Rio.

Turning talk into action

But some industries say there’s action behind their talk. At Rio, some 24 multinational firms committed to ramp up ecosystem protections and corporate sustainability reporting in the absence of international standards.

And in the Flemish town of Diksmuide, Deceuninck executives say they are building sustainability into their business practices. The company sees a health market in recycling as PVC windows and doors first installed 40 and 50 years ago are being replaced with more efficient models.

Scrap is a cheap resource, they say, and recycling is less energy-intensive than producing goods from virgin material. The company’s recycling plant converts old plastics into granular PVC that is then used to produce new products – including the honeycomb-like sound-buffering panels found along Europe’s highways and railway lines.

Deceuninck’s chief executive called it the company’s “duty” to recycle. “We are convinced that this is the right thing to do, and that this €3-billion investment will be profitable within three years.”

Speaking at the PolyTalk plastics industry meeting in Wiesbaden, Germany, on 21 September, EU Environment Commissioner Janez Poto?nik said: “The best waste is the waste that doesn't occur in the first place; which is why our Waste Framework Directive puts waste prevention at the top of the waste hierarchy.”

The recycling firm VinyLoop has released a White Paper showing that recycling can dramatically shrink PVC’s environmental footprint and boost sustainability. The documents says VinyLoop’s recycled PVC cuts primary energy demand by 46%, compared to producing virgin PVC compound. R-PVC also slashes global warming potential by 39% and water consumption by 72%.

“We as a material producer take our responsibility to inform the whole value chain about the environmental footprint,” said Paolo Groppi, general manager of VinyLoop, based in Ferrara, Italy. “This White Paper aims to create more demand pull for recycling.”

“This White Paper demonstrates how recycling supports the growing demand for a more sustainable way of life,” said Christian Thamm, marketing and development manager of VinyLoop. Further quality recycling adds economic value to marketing of manufacturers. “The final customer already knows it’s a cool thing to do”.

The International Labour Organization, in a recent report, says historic development models are unsustainable, “not only environmentally, but also from economic, employment and social perspectives.”

The UN organisation sees profits to be made and jobs to be created through measures such as recycling. Recycling plastics, for example, cuts energy consumption 80% compared to producing them from virgin material. The ILO estimates that in the EU, recycling employs 800,000 people – nearly equal to the number in traditional waste management.

But the ILO says more could be done to encourage recycling. ‘Extended producer responsibility’, or EPR, programmes that have been embraced in some emerging countries compel manufactures to take back products at the end of their life to encourage recycling and innovation in recyclable design.

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