All cars and light vans in Europe will have to be fitted with automatic emergency calling devices from April 2018 under new rules approved by European Union lawmakers on Tuesday (28 April), which could cut road deaths by 10% a year.
The so-called eCall device will automatically alert the nearest emergency centre in the event of a crash by calling the EU-wide emergency number 112, which will give authorities information such as the exact location and time of the crash and the number of passengers in the vehicle.
Members of the European Parliament in Strasbourg approved the law on Tuesday, meaning car manufacturers such as Volkswagen and Volvo would have to ensure all passenger cars and light commercial vehicles are fitted with the devices by March 31, 2018.
The vote was welcomed by the auto industry.
“This decision brings Europe one step closer to making operational a system which we have been advocating since 2004,” said Erik Jonnaert, secretary general of the European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association which includes companies such as BMW, Fiat and Daimler.
Road accidents killed 25,700 people in the EU last year.
The European Commission, which proposed the law, estimates that the emergency response time will halve in the countryside and fall 60% in urban areas.
People would also be able to make an eCall by pushing a button inside the car, giving witnesses a chance to report accidents.
The devices will not track vehicles outside emergencies and authorities will not be able to transfer the data to third parties without the explicit consent of the person concerned.
But some members of the European Parliament said the proposal did not go far enough to protect drivers’ privacy and did nothing to prevent accidents.
“Just putting in the infrastructure for this would eat up a huge chunk of the road safety budget, yet it will not prevent a single crash,” said Vicky Ford, a Conservative MEP.
Three years after the launch, the Commission will assess whether eCall devices should also be fitted onto buses, coaches and trucks.
According to a working paper by the Commission, the price for an eCall system in each vehicle in the EU could end up between €50-€300, but the price on the technology diminishes each year.
The aim of the in-vehicle eCall system (based on the 112 emergency call platform) is to ensure that the rescue services are alerted automatically to serious road accidents.
This should save lives and reduce the severity of injuries as qualified and equipped assistance would get to the scene of the accident earlier; the to the ‘golden hour’ principle.
According to estimates, the eCall system would save up to 2,500 lives a year and reduce the severity of injuries by 10% to 15%.
In 2009 around 35,000 people were killed and more than 1.5 million injured in about 1.15 million traffic accidents on roads in the European Union.
- By 1 Oct. 2017: EU member states to put in place infrastructure to process eCalls
- As of 31 March 2018: All new models of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles will have to be equipped with the eCall system
- Press release: Automatic emergency call devices in all new car models from spring 2018 (28 April 2015)
- Digital agenda: eCall: Time saved = lives saved