Western member states demand action on low-cost truck drivers

Companies use smaller vans to get around legislation on trucks. [Shutterstock]

Nine western European countries have called for the introduction of fairer social rules to govern road transport before the sector is opened up to greater liberalisation. This is meant as a warning to Brussels, which is preparing a new set of rules for May. EURACTIV France reports.

The West has had enough of Eastern Europe’s “road slaves”, who deliver goods seemingly non-stop to all four corners of the continent and with terrible working conditions.

Transport ministers from eight EU countries and Norway met in Paris yesterday (31 January) to adopt a joint declaration calling for the creation of a common market for transport, in order to safeguard workers’ rights.

France, Germany, Italy, Denmark, Austria, Luxembourg, Belgium, Sweden and Norway agreed on two objectives: to improve convergence on the European regulations and to improve controls.

“Professional drivers have become road slaves,” Alain Vidalies, the French transport minister, told the press after Tuesday’s meeting.

“These countries came together in Paris today and decided to act together to end unfair competition and the degradation of the living standards of professional drivers in the road transport sector,” he added.

Commission to tighten labour rules for truck drivers in May

Truck drivers and trade unions have formed an alliance to demand the European Commission close loopholes that let underpaid workers from poorer EU countries deliver goods anywhere in the bloc.

“We have often been accused of protectionism. But we want all workers within the EU to be protected,” German Minister for Transport Alexander Dobrindt added.

Tackling low-cost drivers

The question of unfair competition and social dumping in the goods transport sector is an incendiary issue between the EU’s eastern member states, which are the biggest suppliers of low-cost drivers, and their western partners. Unfair competition from the East is gradually forcing western European transport companies out of business.

The timing of the launch of this nine-country alliance is no coincidence: the European Commission is discussing road transport today (1 February) and is due to propose new legislation on the issue this May.

Bulc wants truck drivers to get paid a minimum wage

Transport Commissioner Violeta Bulc wants to stop companies that use legal loopholes to underpay truck drivers. The executive says social dumping is rampant among truckers who drive between multiple countries every month—and Bulc wants to clamp down this year.

For the nine countries concerned, this new package must mark a turning point in EU policy, which has so far been oriented more towards market liberalisation than the protection or convergence of social standards.

“The May road transport package must take this initiative into account,” said Dobrindt.

“Brussels speaks of further market liberalisation, but the harmonisation of social and economic standards is the most important thing. […] Europe should be a leader in this area, particularly concerning the social conditions of our drivers and those from other countries,” Italy’s Minister for Transport Simona Vicari added.

The nine transport ministers hope to persuade their counterparts from other EU countries to join their road transport alliance. But they have so far been unable to overcome the animosity of their eastern partners on the issue.

Belgium’s Minister for Transport François Bellot said, “The eastern countries must understand that we need a fair system.”

Among the issues the alliance hopes to raise with the EU executive is the regulation of goods transport in light vehicles. This growing practice allows companies to sidestep European regulations on working hours, as well as dodging taxes specifically aimed at heavy goods vehicles.

“This drives down the price of road transport, causes more accidents and has a disastrous impact on the environment,” the French minister said.

Another battle between East and West is raging over wages. While the nine ministers stopped short of calling for an EU-wide minimum wage for drivers, France and Germany intend to push the issue further in Brussels.

Both countries are currently under infringement proceedings for violation of the EU’s single market rules. The EU executive disagreed with Paris and Berlin’s decisions to enforce their national minimum wages for drivers on their roads, regardless of their country of origin or employment.

“We do not agree with the Commission’s ruling. We believe our decision respects the European rules and Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker’s recent statement that equal work deserves equal pay,” said Vidalies, supported by his German colleague.

“We hope France and Germany can lead the Commission to a common interpretation of the minimum wage,” Dobrindt added.

Bulc says controversial German deal paves way for EU road toll law

German Transport Minister Alexander Dobrindt and Violeta Bulc, the EU transport commissioner, have ended their prolonged fight over a controversial German road toll—provoking anger from neighbours but paving the way for a European-wide road tolling scheme next year.

Further Reading

Etats européens

  • « ALLIANCE DU ROUTIER » - Pour un plan d’actions commun en faveur d’un marché unique du transport routier qui garantisse mieux les droits sociaux fondamentaux et des contrôles plus efficaces - 31 janvier 2017