The UK will table its own free trade pact with the EU in a bid to up the ante on Brussels at next week’s second round of negotiations on post-Brexit relations.
In a written ministerial statement on Monday (9 March), Cabinet Office minister Michael Gove told UK MPs that UK negotiators would table a number of legal texts, including a draft free trade agreement, ahead of the talks.
The next negotiating round will take place on 18-20 March in London.
Gove added that the first round of talks in Brussels last week had “in some areas identified a degree of common understanding of the ground that future talks could cover.”
“In other areas, notably fisheries, governance and dispute settlement, and the so-called “level playing field”, there were, as expected, significant differences,” he added.
The UK government wants to have a new agreement on fisheries, based on the scientific methodology used for the EU-Norway fisheries deal. That, says UK officials, should allow UK vessels to be able to catch more fish.
Fisheries is one of a series of sectoral deals that the UK wants to be separate from the broader UK-EU free trade agreement. Other areas include aviation, civil nuclear and police and judicial co-operation.
Differences in approach
In Brussels, meanwhile, European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen repeated the EU’s warning that if the UK wants to retain close access to the bloc’s single market then it must adhere to EU rules.
“We are aware that there are differences in the approach towards what scope should the future agreement have and what are – if I may say so – the rules of the game everybody has to abide to,” von der Leyen told reporters in London.
“So it will be important that the UK makes up its mind – the closer they want to have access to the single market, the more they have to play by the rules that are the rules of the single market,” she added.
For its part, UK officials insist that their government has no plans to “dilute any existing protections” or undercut EU policies on competition and subsidies. “On level playing field we are committed to discussing open and fair competition. We will not dilute any existing protections,” officials said.
The UK believes that the EU-Canada trade pact offers the precedents which they would like to mirror. They add that Boris Johnson’s government will not agree to future alignment to EU rules and to any jurisdiction from the Luxembourg-based European Court of Justice.
The opening salvos in the future partnership talks have been marked by an even greater sense of belligerence than was seen during the twice extended Article 50 process on a Withdrawal Agreement.
Prime Minister Johnson has repeatedly stated that if the UK does not obtain a deal similar to the EU-Canada agreement, then EU-UK trade would revert to World Trade Organisation rules.
Earlier this month, Gove warned that the UK was prepared to walk away from the talks in June if London deems that too little progress is being made towards finalising a trade pact by autumn.
However, UK officials have played down the importance of the June deadline, when a summit is due to take place in Brussels. They add that London is unlikely to draw up a specific set of benchmarks but would want the EU side to be ready to compromise on equivalence for the UK’s lucrative financial service sector by then.
[Edited by Frédéric Simon]