EU Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier rejected key elements of Britain’s new trade proposals on Thursday (26 July) even as he and his new British counterpart Dominic Raab voiced a shared determination to reach a deal by October.
However, Barnier said he believes British negotiators he met in Brussels on Thursday “understood our concerns” about the border between EU member Ireland and the British province of Northern Ireland.
The EU proposes that Northern Ireland stay aligned with the remaining 27 bloc members after Brexit as part of a “backstop”, or insurance policy to avoid the reimposition of border checks and a risk to Irish peace gains.
But Britain, fearing the EU proposal would break up its territory, has suggested instead that the whole country remain aligned with the EU in certain areas, only until the end of 2021.
“We have no objection in principle to this,” Barnier told a press conference in Brussels, flanked by his British counterpart Dominic Raab.
“But we have doubts that this can be done without putting at risk the integrity of our Customs Union, our Common Commercial Policy, our regulatory policy, and our fiscal revenue,” the Frenchman said.
Barnier made clear British offers to collect customs duties for the EU as part of efforts to avoid friction on Northern Ireland’s new EU border had failed to convince already sceptical Europeans.
“The EU cannot and … will not delegate the application of its customs policy and rules, VAT and excise duty collection to a non-member, who would not be subject to the EU’s governance structures,” Barnier said. “Any customs arrangements or customs union … must respect this principle.”
“The UK wants to take back control of its money, law, and borders. We will respect that,” he said.
“But the EU also wants to keep control of its money, law, and borders. The UK should respect that.”
Raab being schooled on the actualité by Barnier and clearly not enjoying it… pic.twitter.com/U8PZtaZhey
— Graham Simpson (@grahambsi) July 27, 2018
Barnier said the British side “has promised to come back to us with concrete proposals on how to address our concerns”, which were conveyed in what he called “open and frank” talks.
As he did during his first talks last week with Raab, Barnier called for a “legally operative backstop,” which he sees as essential for a withdrawal agreement by a late October deadline.
Britain is set to leave the bloc on 30 March, but the two sides want to strike the divorce agreement by late October in order to give parliaments enough time to endorse a deal.
Raab gave no hint that his government would modify its proposal on the Irish backstop, which he repeated should be for a “time-limited” period.
“While of course more work needs to be done, our teams are approaching this issue in the right spirit,” Raab told reporters.
“With pragmatism on both sides I am confident we can find a way to resolve it into a workable solution.”
Raab said Britain had agreed to accelerate the Brexit negotiations, confirming the two sides would meet again in mid-August and continue talks weekly to clear the way for a deal in October.
Raab took up his job following a cabinet rebellion earlier this month against Prime Minister Theresa May’s Brexit blueprint.
Barnier has welcomed parts of her blueprint, which would see Britain ask the EU for a free trade area for goods through a “facilitated customs arrangement” alongside a “common rulebook”.
Brexiteers believe that keeps Britain too close to the EU, while pro-Europeans think it fails to protect the country’s dominant services sector, among other gripes.