Prime Minister Theresa May said yesterday (2 October) she would trigger the process to leave the EU by the end of March, offering the first glimpse of a timetable for a divorce that will redefine Britain’s ties with its biggest trading partner.
Britain’s shock vote to leave the European Union in June propelled May to power and the former interior minister has been under pressure to offer more details on her plan for departure, beyond an often-repeated catchphrase that “Brexit means Brexit”.
In a move to ease fears among her ruling Conservatives that she may delay the divorce, May told the party’s annual conference in Birmingham, central England, that she was determined to move on with the process and win the “right deal”.
Using Article 50 of the EU’s Lisbon Treaty will give Britain a two-year period to clinch one of the most complex deals in Europe since World War Two.
“We will invoke Article 50 no later than the end of March next year,” May told the conference to cheers from hundreds of members.
“Parliament put the decision to leave or remain inside the EU in the hands of the people. And the people gave their answer with emphatic clarity,” she added.
“So now it is up to the government not to question, quibble or backslide on what we have been instructed to do, but to get on with the job,” said May, keen to reassure lawmakers that she will deliver Brexit despite her earlier support, albeit quiet, for a “Remain” vote in the referendum.
Lack of detail
Her comments were welcomed by the EU, with Donald Tusk, the president of the European Council, saying the statement had brought “welcome clarity” to the situation. But behind the scenes, there was frustration at the lack of detail.
Tusk recently said in Bratislava that May had told him that it was “almost impossible” for her country to trigger Article 50 this year. This may happen “maybe” in January or February, he said, adding that the Union had “no choice” but to wait for London to prepare for the divorce negotiations.
The Bratislava summit, which ended on Friday (16 September), was supposed to focus on security and border control as well as other consensual issues following Britain’s decision to leave the European Union.
“It is beyond comprehension that the politicians who campaigned for Brexit for months have no idea what they want, they have no plan at all,” a senior German official said.
Britain’s decision to leave the EU on 23 June sparked turmoil in financial markets as investors tried to gauge its impact on both the world’s fifth largest economy and the bloc.
Britain’s high streets are heaving with shoppers despite June’s shock vote to leave the European Union, big companies have reported few signs of distress and some tabloid newspapers are even talking about a post-Brexit economic boom.
The country’s allies fear that its exit from the EU could mark a turning point in post-Cold War international affairs that will weaken the West in relation to China and Russia, undermine efforts toward European integration and hurt global free trade.
Asked if Brexit will make the EU more pro-Russian, international experts with different backgrounds approached by EurActiv were not unanimous in their assessment. However all said that without the UK, the EU will be weaker internationally.
For some businesses, May’s reluctance to offer what she describes as a “running commentary” on her strategy, has deepened fears that they could end up paying higher costs if operating from Britain.
But May said she could not risk a good deal by putting her strategy under continual scrutiny.
“Every stray word and every hyped-up media report is going to make it harder for us to get the right deal for Britain,” she said. “So we have to stay patient. But when there are things to say – as there are today – we will keep the public informed and up to date.”
For many of her lawmakers, the announcement hit the mark.
“The timing is just right,” Conservative lawmaker Andrew Bridgen told Reuters, saying voters had understood that the new prime minister had needed some time to prepare her position.
Others said they feared that triggering Article 50 so early could put pressure on Britain as elections in France and Germany in 2017 could change London’s partners in the middle of talks.
Unwilling to give too much away, May said her government must respond to the demands of voters, many of whom fear that hospitals and schools are being stretched by high levels of migration from the EU, but also had to listen to business.
“I know some people ask about the ‘trade-off’ between controlling immigration and trading with Europe. But that is the wrong way of looking at things,” she said.
Underlining her point, close ally, trade minister Liam Fox — one of three leading Brexit campaigners in her cabinet — told an event at the conference: “What we want is the best exit for the United Kingdom, not the quickest.”
‘Great Repeal Act’
But it was her move to repeal the 1972 European Communities Act next year, a law that took Britain into what is now the EU, and make Britain “a sovereign and independent country” that received the loudest cheers from her audience.
Some members of her Conservative Party said that what May has billed as the ‘Great Repeal Act’ was little more than a technicality, but many others said it was the first step for Britain to reclaim power and dispense with some EU regulation.
“I’m rather looking forward to being a sovereign parliament again … to dealing with EU legislation and removing unnecessary laws and streamlining it,” said Bridgen.
Describing himself as an “ardent Brexiteer”, Bridgen said by repealing the act, Britain could help businesses by dispensing with EU regulation “which puts them at a disadvantage”.