The British government on Sunday (10 August) accused Spain of violating its sovereignty over Gibraltar, saying Spanish state vessels had repeatedly and unlawfully entered its territorial waters without notifying it.
The row is the latest in a long line of diplomatic spats between Britain and Spain over the territory, which was ceded to Britain about 300 years ago but which Spanish authorities now want to reclaim.
“These repeated incursions into British Gibraltar territorial waters are a clear violation of UK sovereignty by another EU country and we will be raising this as a matter of urgency with the Spanish authorities,” Hugo Swire, a British Foreign Office minister, said in a statement.
Britain, which runs the rocky outcrop off Spain’s southern coast, said it believed the offending Spanish vessels had been pursuing other boats which may have been committing unspecified crimes.
Swire said he deemed it “completely unacceptable and unlawful” under the international law of the sea for Spain to enter Gibraltar’s territorial waters without notification.
But Spain denied wrongdoing.
“The waters are Spanish,” said an official from Spain’s Foreign Ministry, who declined to be named in line with the ministry’s policy.
“It was Spanish boats patrolling in Spanish waters to control illegal activities such as tobacco smuggling or illegal fishing.”
The UK’s fractious relationship is also raising fears for Gibraltar’s future were the UK to pull out of the EU. The Deputy Chief Minister of Gibraltar told EurActiv that the small territory has established an independent mission in Brussels to represent its interests at a fraught moment in its history. Were the UK leave the EU, he explained, the rock would seek to remain within the UK, and the EU.
The relationship with Spain has worsened, with traffic queues now commonplace as a result of what Mr Garcia described as unjustified customs checks.