On 26-27 June, EU leaders gathered in Ypres and in Brussels for a European Council meeting. On the agenda were strategic priorities for Europe in the next five years, who will lead the EU executive and more. Read up on recent events as we covered them, live.
The European elections on 22-25 May were the first to be held under the Lisbon Treaty.
The treaty states that the European Parliament shall elect the commission president on the basis of a proposal made by the European Council, "taking into account" the results of the European elections (Article 17, Paragraph 7 of the TEU). This will apply for the first time in the 2014 elections.
The centre-right European People's Party (EPP) has put forward Jean-Claude Juncker as their candidate and won the largest number of seats in the European Parliament, making him the natural candidate to succeed José Manuel Barroso as European Commission President.
But the president of the European Council, Herman Van Rompuy, has warned against raising false expectations in this process. EU heads of state, too, are split: notably UK prime minister David Cameron has rejected Juncker strongly.
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- 26-27 June: EU summit expected to designate new EU Commission President
- 1-3 July: First plenary session of the newly constituted European Parliament. Informal negotiations with EU heads of states
- 14-17 July: Parliament votes to approve or reject Commission president nominee in Strasbourg plenary session
- Summer: National leaders designate their commissioners to Brussels. New president distributes portfolios within his team of 28 commissioners
- September: Each commissioner is scrutinised in individual hearings before Parliament committees
- October: European Parliament votes to approve or reject new Commission College as a whole
- 1 November: Target date for new Commission to take office
- 1 November: End of mandate of Herman Van Rompuy, president of the European Council.
- European Council: Official page for informal meeting on 27 May