Global Europe Archives

  • Economics of climate change

    Climate change 07-12-2009

    Governments and academics are deeply divided over the economic costs and benefits of combating climate change and moving towards a low-carbon economy. The Stern Review, an influential enquiry into the issue, concluded in 2006 that fighting global warming would cost 1% of global GDP, while non-action could lead to a 20% loss of GDP in the long term. In comparison, research published in January 2009 shows that avoiding dangerous climate change could cost as little as 0.5% of global GDP.

  • EU-Iceland relations

    Transport 04-12-2009

    In the midst of the economic crisis, Iceland identified stabilising its economy by joining the European Union as a viable solution to its problems. The Nordic country, which has a well-developed relationship with the EU as a member of the European Economic Area (EEA), formally applied for EU membership on 16 July 2009.

  • Global food prices and CAP reform [Archived]

    Agrifood 25-11-2009

    The debate on the EU's future Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is taking place in the aftermath of spectacular world food price increases in 2007-2008 and amid bankruptcy warnings from EU farmers, who are worried about attempts to liberalise global trade in agricultural products.

  • Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

    Special Report | Energy 06-11-2009

    Buildings have an enormous role to play in the EU's attempts to slash greenhouse gas emissions, as they represent around 40% of all energy use. The EU addressed the problem by introducing minimum requirements for the energy performance of buildings, but having acknowledged that more needs to be done, it is now in the course of revising the legislation.

  • Enlargement and the euro

    Euro & Finance 03-09-2009

    In accordance with the provisions of the Maastricht Treaty, all new members of the European Union are eligible and compelled to join the bloc's single currency, the euro. Of the twelve member states that joined the Union between 2004 and 2007, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta and Slovakia have fulfilled the convergence criteria and are now part of the euro area. 

  • 2004-2009: An evaluation of the Barroso Commission

    Development Policy 01-09-2009

    European Commission President José Manuel Barroso spent the summer preparing his programme for the next five years after his bid to secure a second term was put on ice by the European Parliament's political group leaders in July - EURACTIV asked key stakeholders to assess the Barroso Commission's achievements and failures.

  • Free movement of labour in the EU 27

    Social Europe & Jobs 20-08-2009

    Few of the EU's 'older' and wealthier member states continue to restrict access to their labour markets to workers from Eastern Europe, with Germany and Austria the only countries opting to maintain compulsory work permits until 2011.

  • Pipeline politics? Russia and the EU’s battle for energy

    Energy 20-08-2009

    While Russian gas giant Gazprom is drawing up long-term plans to strengthen its grip on Europe with pipeline projects backed by the Kremlin, the EU's response strategies are only in the early stages of development.

  • Turkey in the EU – What the public thinks

    EU Priorities 2020 20-08-2009

    European scepticism about Turkey's EU accession is fuelling a popular backlash among many Turks who are growing increasingly distrustful of the EU.

  • The Swedish EU Presidency

    Development Policy 01-07-2009

    Sweden assumes the EU's six-month rotating presidency from the Czech Republic on 1 July as Europe battles its most severe economic recession in decades and faces an uncertain institutional future. If the Lisbon Treaty enters into force before the end of the year, this could be history's last fully-fledged EU presidency.

  • Financial regulation: The EU’s agenda

    Brexit 01-04-2009

    In response to the worst crisis in decades, the European Union has agreed on a series of rules and new watchdogs to regulate and supervise global financial markets. EURACTIV offers an overview of the state of play.

  • Europe and global food security [Archived]

    Agrifood 12-03-2009

    As the world's population approaches ten billion, issues like climate change, growing scarcity of oil and availability of quality land and water are challenging the planet's capacity to produce enough food for everyone - a paradigm shift that could potentially pave the way for a new global 'food crunch'.

  • Cities and climate change

    Climate change 04-03-2009

    Home to 80% of EU citizens and 70% of greenhouse gas emissions, urban areas play a key role in fighting climate change; but cities' access to funding for green policies is proving a major stumbling block.

  • Financing the low-carbon economy

    Sustainable Development 08-01-2009

    Political objectives to reduce CO2 emissions and transform the energy system are set to shape the EU's industrial and economic development in the coming decades, but the 'third industrial revolution' has been challenged by a financing squeeze as the world grapples with the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression.

  • Global options for tackling climate change

    Special Report | Climate change 08-12-2008

    Following the agreement on a roadmap to negotiate a succesor to the Kyoto Protocol at the UN conference in Bali, EURACTIV examines some of the main policy options and instruments available for mounting a global response to climate change. 

  • Sustainable Cities

    Sustainable Development 08-10-2008

    The climate change imperative has put the spotlight on Europe's cities, which are home to 80% of Europeans and consume a disproportionate share of natural resources relative to their surface area. 

  • EU water policies in the developing world

    Special Report | Sustainable Development 29-09-2008

    As water shortages in developing countries become more acute due to climate change, the EU is backing policies to manage the demands of all sectors, prioritising health, sanitation and cooperation between states.

  • EU-Western Balkans relations

    Enlargement 14-12-2007

    The EU's main objective for the Western Balkans region (South East Europe) is to create a situation where military conflict is unthinkable – expanding to the region the area of peace, stability, prosperity and freedom, established over the last fifty years in the European Union. The countries of Western Balkans have all been given the prospect of EU membership.

  • EU climate change policies

    Climate change 06-12-2007

    The EU has implemented a range of policies to combat climate change and deliver on its Kyoto target of 8% CO2 reductions by 2012. As the negotiations for a new climate treaty continue, the EU is now implementing a set of new policies to reach its 2020 goals.

  • AIDS/HIV

    Health 14-11-2007

    HIV/AIDS is still prevalent, not only in developing countries but also in Europe. The number of reported HIV cases in EU member states has doubled since 1998 and half of the new cases affect people aged 15-25. A number of EU initiatives aim to increase understanding and awareness of HIV/AIDS issues and bring relief to the third world.

  • Turkey accession and Cyprus

    Enlargement 06-11-2007

    The division of Cyprus into two separate Greek and Turkish communities represents one of the most difficult issues of the European Union's sixth enlargement round, with the future of Turkey's EU accession talks hinging on the successful resolution of the problem.

  • EU climate change adaptation policy

    Science & Policymaking 25-10-2007

    With a green paper published in June 2007, the European Commission has started a public consultation on policy measures needed to lessen the impacts and costs of increasing climate change-related calamities such as floods and forest fires.

  • Aviation and Emissions Trading

    Climate change 11-10-2007

    In an effort to tackle aviation's small but fast-growing contribution to climate change, the EU has decided to impose a cap on CO2 emissions for all planes arriving at or departing from EU airports. Airlines would then be allowed to buy and sell 'pollution credits' on the EU 'carbon market' (Emissions Trading Scheme).

  • EU-US ‘Open Skies’ agreement

    Transport 09-10-2007

    After more than four years of negotiations, the EU and the US have agreed on a deal that should throw open transatlantic air travel to more competition in a move which the Commission says could create 80,000 jobs and generate €12 billion in economic benefits. But European operators will be seeking further concessions from the US in the next few years after it refused to ease its stringent ownership and investment rules.