With populism and authoritarianism on the rise in many countries, global press freedom has taken a blow. In fact, it is at its lowest point in 13 years, according to a US-funded research and advocacy organisation.
During the #Media4EU editorial series more than 30 media experts from six countries were interviewed about how the sector can overcome its crisis.This LinksDossier refers to all the interviews that have been published, as well as a bibliography of relevant articles, policy documents and studies used for research.
European media organisations have responded to the sector's crisis by focusing on domestic markets, while online platforms confirm their global vocation. But what if the key to success was more cooperation?
After the death of the print advertising model, news outlets are struggling to find sustainable solutions to fund quality journalism. Most publishers now diversify their activities by organising events, trying out new formats and forging long-term partnerships with the private sector.
Experts in mainland Europe are counting on the EU to solve the crisis facing the media and have proposed measures varying from regulatory support to innovative programmes. But on the other side of la Manche, even pro-European outlets are sceptical about EU involvement.
The media sector in Europe is faced with a crisis of legitimacy, according to media experts from six different countries. Other challenges include concentration movements, misinformation about Europe and what EU reporting will be like after Brexit.
The #Media4EU editorial series interviewed more than 30 media experts from six countries about the parallel between the crises facing the sector and those facing Europe itself, as well as ways to foster better cooperate.
The Polish media sector is struggling to innovate under increasing government pressure. Three leading publications from different parts of the political spectrum explained some of these tensions during the #Media4EU series.
EXCLUSIVE / The European Commission has finally decided to “look seriously” at the many problems plaguing Euronews, the TV station created in 1992 as a “European response” to CNN, according to official letters seen by Euractiv.com.
Paweł Lisicki, editor-in-chief of the conservative weekly Do Rzeczy, sees “no apparent threat to freedom of speech” in Poland, saying left-wing media outlets were currently suffering only because they lost their privileges under the new government.
The election of Donald Trump in the United States, helped by the far-right opinion news site Breitbart, is not a one-off event, says Victor Fleurot, a communication expert and self-proclaimed "visual activist", in an interview with Euractiv.com.
The EU has brought countries together more than even before, but the lack of a common debate is problematic. The Leading European Newspaper Alliance (LENA) is working towards this goal by bringing together seven newsrooms from seven European countries.
The economic crisis brought about a general malaise and Europe was used as a scapegoat, says Italian newspaper La Stampa's Marco Zatterin. However, exchange programmes for media professionals could be the key to revitalising EU reporting.
Italian newspapers have been struggling to keep up with new technologies during the country's eight-year recession, Executive Editor-in-Chief of Class Editori Gabriele Capolino, told Christophe Leclerc.
Poland's largest broadsheet newspaper is struggling as a result of a Polish government "boycott" which cut off both public and private funding, warns the online editor of Gazeta Wyborcza, who calls on the European Union for help.
More than 80% of Polish citizens support the EU so European institutions can afford to pay attention to freedom of expression and media laws in Poland, Bogusław Chrabota said in interview with EURACTIV.com.
European leaders can't keep pretending freedom of movement is not an issue. Whether, in the context of Brexit or the migration crisis, inaction is undermining people's confidence in the EU, says Emma Tucker.