US sanctions designed to undermine Russian natural gas exports to Europe specifically target European-based companies at the risk of further weakening an already fragile US-European relationship, write Martin Jirušek and Robert Dillon.
US Sanctions on Nord Stream 2– especially since their imposition is officially supported by the management of Ukraine's Naftogaz – could complicate if not completely derail the negotiation process between Moscow and Kyiv on the future of gas transit, writes Danila Bochkarev.
In April, the Russian-owned Nord Stream 2 company initiated legal proceedings agains the EU under the Energy Charter Treaty. If an amicable solution cannot be found, the case will set an important precedent for EU energy policy, write Kim Talus and Leigh Hancher.
The direction of Ukraine’s energy policies is of great interest to observers in Brussels and the European capitals, as a stable and prosperous Ukraine would increase overall European energy security, writes Robert Rapier.
The European Commission's numerous anti-trust cases over the years have had a significant impact on the functioning of the market affected by the practices in question. In Gazprom’s case, the outcome may be different – there is a danger that it will result in no effect at all.
Gazprom’s actions to address its pricing and market segmentation issues in Central and Eastern Europe do not go far enough. PGNiG here proposes measures the Commission could take to restore fair competition, permanently.
Gazprom commitments will not provide any change to its anti-competitive practices in Central and Eastern European countries. PGNiG here presents possible remedies to address excessive pricing applied by the Russian energy giant in some CEE countries.
European Commission and national antitrust authority inspections six years ago resulted in antitrust proceedings against Gazprom, which was accused of abusing its dominant position. Gazprom offered to settle the case but many argue that settlement will do little to change the Russian energy giant's behaviour.
The history of the relations between Gazprom and the Polish Oil and Gas Company (PGNiG) clearly shows that without severe penalty for Gazprom, gas markets in Poland and other CEE countries will not enjoy real competition.
The European Commission’s efforts to integrate the EU internal market and diversify the gas supply away from a single supplier along the Central European model have started to pay off. Yet, risks lie ahead, write Martin Vladimirov and Sijbren de Jong.
A recent decision of the European Commission puts the whole European diversification and energy security strategy in jeopardy, and Poland and Ukraine may take legal action against the EU executive, writes Jacek Saryusz-Wolski.
An unlikely coalition is emerging in Germany between Angela Merkel’s CDU and the Greens. More and more, both parties want to stop the construction of a second pipeline that will transport gas directly from Russia to Germany under the Baltic Sea, explains Judy Dempsey.
Gazprom's Russian rivals will use the company's financial difficulties as an opportunity to break the giant's hold on the Russian natural gas sector, writes Stratfor, the Texas-based global intelligence company.