The Baltic Sea ecosystem could collapse unless states bordering it find common ground on ways to decrease maritime pollution, according to a new report from WWF, which accuses governments of failing to take responsibility for working to improve the situation.
Climate change is likely to cause complex legal, foreign policy and security issues, claims Cleo Paskal in a paper for Chatham House published in June 2007. Adapting international law is only addressing part of the problem, he believes.
The Council agreed on a draft directive that aims to ensure European seas and oceans are kept pollution-free and productive. But environmentalists attack what they perceive as the directive's "weak objectives" and lack of serious commitment.
The Commission proposes EU nations draw up national programmes to keep European seas clean, safe from oil spills and healthy. Environmental groups say the strategy is "inadequate" and call for binding EU measures.
The Commission is launching consultations for an
all-encompassing approach to maritime and coastland policy aimed at
developing sustainable economic activity. Sectors concerned include
fisheries, tourism, energy and transport.
Member states have agreed to international maritime safety rules
to protect EU shores from oil spills. Recognition of sailors'
qualifications is also to be made easier to cut down on red tape
and favour mobility.