Catalonia's leader, Carles Puigdemont, said the region won the right to break away from Spain, with his government claiming on Monday (2 October) that 90% of voters backed independence in a banned referendum marred by violent clashes.
Venezuela entered a fifth day of violent protests yesterday (10 April), as its president travelled to Cuba to seek support from fellow leftist leaders. The EU expressed concern over the escalating tensions and called on all parties to find common ground and end the violence.
Italian police have used beatings and electric shocks, potentially constituting "torture", to coerce migrants into being fingerprinted as Italy cracks under pressure from the EU, Amnesty International said today (3 October).
The Turkish government is expected to continue its crackdown on suspected putschists today (19 July), while the US-based Muslim cleric accused by Ankara of orchestrating the coup attempt says he does not fear extradition.
Ukraine's tense Odessa marked yesterday (2 May) two years since clashes killed 48 anti-Maidan protesters during a confrontation with pro-Ukrainian unity protesters at the Trade Unions House in central Odessa. The EU urged Kyiv to investigate the tragedy.
Thousands took to the streets of the Macedonian capital for a third consecutive evening yesterday (14 April) to protest against the president's shock decision to halt probes into more than 50 public figures embroiled in a wire-tapping scandal.